USSR, 1918-2008; "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"
1967. Semi-autobiographical novel by Russian author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, banned in the Soviet Union in 1968
Also historian and Nobel Laureate. This literary giant's writings exposed the oppressive regime of Soviet Communism. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970. b. 11 Dec 1918, d. 3 August 2008
1962. One of the most chilling novels about the oppression of totalitarian regimes and the first to open Western eyes to the terrors of Stalin's prison camps; if Solzhenitsyn later became Russia's conscience in exile, this is the book with which he first challenged the brutal might of the Soviet Union.
1968. The novel details the life of the occupants of a gulag prison camp located in the Moscow suburbs, the Marfino sharashka. Many of the prisoners (zeks) are technicians or academics who have been arrested under Article 58 of the RSFSR Penal Code in Stalin's purges following the Second World War.
1973 based on the Soviet forced labor and concentration camp system. The three-volume book is a massive narrative relying on eyewitness testimony and primary research material, as well as the author's own experiences as a prisoner in a Gulag labor camp.