Ludwig Van Beethoven
Beethoven's only opera, it is the central work of his so-called "middle period"
1770-1827; considered the first Romantic composer
Op. 108, text by Robert Burns
From a collection of 20 songs numbered, WoO 153
For violin, cello and piano, op. 56
Incidental music, after Goethe's play, op. 84
Incidental music, op. 113
String Quartet No. 11, op. 95
For piano, chorus and orchestra, op. 80, 1808
The third symphony, originally in honor of Napoleon, but when Napoleon crowned himself Emperor, Beethoven tore up the score.
Fidelio was first staged in Vienna, on Nov. 20, 1805.
Originally the last movement of quartet op. 130; now op. 133; Stravinsky called it contemporary music that will remain contemporary forever
An ode written in 1785 by the German poet and historian Friedrich Schiller, known especially for its musical setting by Beethoven in the fourth and final movement of his Ninth Symphony. [wikipedia]
The sixth symphony...the first hint of "program" music.
Epigraph on String Quartet, op. 135