Ludwig Van Beethoven
Epigraph on String Quartet, op. 135
The sixth symphony...the first hint of "program" music.
An ode written in 1785 by the German poet and historian Friedrich Schiller, known especially for its musical setting by Beethoven in the fourth and final movement of his Ninth Symphony. [wikipedia]
Originally the last movement of quartet op. 130; now op. 133; Stravinsky called it contemporary music that will remain contemporary forever
Fidelio was first staged in Vienna, on Nov. 20, 1805.
The third symphony, originally in honor of Napoleon, but when Napoleon crowned himself Emperor, Beethoven tore up the score.
For piano, chorus and orchestra, op. 80, 1808
String Quartet No. 11, op. 95
Incidental music, op. 113
Incidental music, after Goethe's play, op. 84
For violin, cello and piano, op. 56
From a collection of 20 songs numbered, WoO 153
Op. 108, text by Robert Burns
1770-1827; considered the first Romantic composer
Beethoven's only opera, it is the central work of his so-called "middle period"