The site of Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times. In the year 1329, King Fernando V assembled The Court of Madrid for the first time.
Known in Madrid as the "Piruli" because it looks similar to a lollipop
Wines are made for local cafes and bars
Temporarily ends French interests in Italy.
Restores Valtelline to the Grisons and grants Protestants in the region religious freedoms.
Between England and Spain.
Defines the boundaries of the Spanish and the Portuguese colonies in South America, replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Reinforces the Treaty of Badajoz; Portugal also agrees to pay France an indemnity of 20 million francs and surrender half of Guiana.
Gives France legal protection of the word champagne.
Have won the European Cup now Champions League a record 9 times. Present Spanish champions. Former players include Luis Figo who also played for Barcelona and arguably the world's most recognised football player of recent times David Beckham. The current English manager Fabio Capello used to manage the club.
1810, oil on canvas; Museo Municipal, Madrid
All times, great spanish painters
1941. Spanish tenor, became one of the most popular opera singers of the 1900â€™s
Europe's fifth busiest airport and 12th busiest in the world.