Became Queen after capturing Stephen but was forced off the throne by a revolt in London. She was the daughter and dispossessed heir of Henry I of England. Matilda was the first female ruler, although uncrowned and for a brief time, of the Kingdom of England. Her failure to secure that rule meant that her temporary and disputed period of reign in 1141 was extremely brief. She is often excluded from lists of English monarchs and even the official British monarchy website excludes her, listing Stephen of England as king from 1135-1154.
As many of her contemporaries or near contemporaries were also called Matilda in Latin texts, she was sometimes called Maude to distinguish her from them. Later called Countess of Anjou and Lady of the English. Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. However the length of her effective rule was quite brief — a few months in 1141 — and she was never crowned. Because of this she is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs, and her rival Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period 1135-1154.