A stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. A harp is normally plucked or strummed by hand.
A bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. it is the smallest and highest pitch member of the violin family.
A bowed string instrument and the middle voice of the violin family between the violin and the cello. the viola is a perfect fifth below the violin.
Formally known as the violoncello. it is a bowed string instrument. violoncello means "little violone" refering to a little bass violin. It has been described as the instrument sounding closest to the human voice. It is the lowest pitched member of the violin family in an orchestra.
The largest and lowest pitched bowed string instrument used in the modern symphony orchestra. played either with a bow (arco) or by plucking the strings (pizzicato). made from several types of wood: maple for the back, spruce for the top, ebony for the fingerboard.