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16th Century Events

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72 facts:

1503
      
Canterbury Cathedral Was Completed
After 433 years of construction
1503
      
Hieronymus Bosch Painted "The Garden of Earthly Delights"
1503
      
Leonardo Da Vinci Began the Mona Lisa
Completes it three or four years later
1503
      
Nostradamus Was Born
Famous for his visions, born December 14
1504
      
Michelangelo's David Was Erected
In Florence
1506
      
Christopher Columbus Died
In Valladolid, Spain
1509
      
John Calvin Was Born
French theologian and developer of Calvinism
1510
      
Sandro Botticelli Died
Popular Italian painter; painter of The Birth of Venus
1512
      
Copernicus Wrote Commentariolus
Moves the sun to the centre of the solar system.
1513
      
Balboa Sighted the Pacific Ocean
First European to do so
1513
      
The Battle of Flodden Field
Invading Scots are defeated by Henry VIII's forces.
1513
      
Jorge Álvarez Landed at Macau, China
Álvarez was a Portugeuse explorer. During the Ming Dynasty
1513
      
Leo X Became Pope
Son of Lorenzo de Medici; brings to Rome his love of classical culture
1516
      
Sir Thomas More Wrote Utopia
1517
      
Martin Luther Posted His 95 Theses
Beginning of the Protestant Reformation
1519
      
Ferdinand Magellan Lead the First Circumnavigation of Earth
Magellan died half way around the world.
1519
      
Leonardo Da Vinci Died
May 2, of natural causes
1519
      
Spanish Conquest of Mexico Started
Lead by Hernan Cortés
1520
      
Raphael Died
Italian master painter and architect of the Florentine school
1521
      
Ferdinand Magellan Died
Portuguese navigator, sailed around the world
1521
      
Martin Luther Was Excommunicated
Papal Bull "Decet Romanum Pontificem" was issued by Pope Leo X
1524
      
Giovanni Verrazano Started First Voyage of Discovery
Along eastern coast of North America
1524
      
Vasco Da Gama Died
Portuguese navigator, first to sail around the Cape of Good Hope
1527
      
Sack of Rome
Considered the end of the Italian Renaissance.
1528
      
Albrecht Dürer Died
German painter, engraver and mathematician
1531
      
The Church of England Broke from the Catholic Church
Recognizes Henry VIII as its head
1531
      
Halley's Comet Made an Appearance
Julian calendar; first comet to be recognized as periodic
1532
      
'The Prince' Was Published
Five years after the death of Machiavelli
1532
      
Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire Started
Lead by Francisco Pizarro
1533
      
Queen Elizabeth I Born
7 September 1533
1534
      
François Rabelais Wrote Gargantua
Biting social satire
1534
      
Jacques Cartier Claimed Quebec for France
1536
      
Anne Boleyn Was Executed
Beheaded by Henry VIII. Not that he did it personally.
1537
      
Edward VI Born
12 October 1537
1539
      
Hernando De Soto Explored Inland North America
Spanish conquistador
1542
      
Catherine Howard Was Executed
Beheaded by Henry VIII. Not that he did it personally.
1543
      
Hans Holbein the Younger Died
Won renown as a portrait painter in England
1543
      
Nicolaus Copernicus Died
Legend says he died the same day that the first printed copy of On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres was placed in his hands
1545
      
John Taverner Died
English composer, b. c. 1490
1545
      
The Mary Rose Sank
In a naval engagement July 18
1547
      
Ivan the Terrible Was Crowned Tsar of Russia
At age 16, Russia's first Tsar
1547
      
Miguel De Cervantes Was Born
Spanish author of Don Quixote
1549
      
The Book of Common Prayer is Published
Product of the English Reformation and used still today; under the editorial hand of Thomas Cranmer
1550
      
Helsinki Is Founded
Capital of Finland
1552
      
Francis Xavier Died
One of the original Jesuits and Catholic saint
1555
      
Nostradamus Published "Les Propheties"
1558
      
Elizabeth I Became Queen
1561
      
UFO Battle Supposedly Occurred Over Nuremberg
Germany April 4 event depicted in famous woodcut of the period
1562
      
French Wars of Religion Began
Between Catholics and Huguenots, until 1598
1563
      
Council of Trent Closed
Opened, 1545; reaffirmed all major Catholic doctrine and declared the Apocrypha to be canonical
1563
      
John Dowland Was Born
English composer; d. 1626
1563
      
Plague Outbreak in England
80,000 people succumbed
1564
      
Galileo Galilei Born
February 15
1564
      
Michelangelo Died
Italian painter and sculptor
1564
      
São Paulo, Brazil Was Founded
By the Portuguese
1564
      
William Shakespeare Was Born
Regarded the greatest writer in the English language
1565
      
St Augustine, Florida Established
By Spanish settlers; oldest continuous American city
1566
      
Michel Nostradamus Died
French astrologer and doctor; author of a book of prophecies
1567
      
Mary, Queen of Scots Imprisoned by Elizabeth I
1569
      
Rising of the North (England)
An unsuccessful uprising against Elizabeth I of England in 1569 by Catholics of Northern England. Its objective was the deposition of Elizabeth and coronation of Mary I of Scotland as Queen of England.
1572
      
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Instigated by Catherine de' Medici. Takes the lives of Protestant leader Gaspard de Coligny and thousands of Huguenots. The violence spreads from Paris to other cities and the countryside.
1572
      
Supernova Was Observed
SN 1572, sighted by Tycho Brahe in the Milky Way
1576
      
Titian Died
Leader of the Venetian school of the Italian Renaissance
1577
      
Francis Drake Began Round-the-World Voyage
Sets out from Plymouth, England
1582
      
The Gregorian Calendar Was First Introduced
By Pope Gregory XIII. Widely used throughout Europe.
1587
      
Mary Queen of Scots Was Executed
Mary I, beheaded Feb 8
1587
      
Thomas Hobbes Was Born
English philosopher (d. 1679)
1591
      
The First Flush Toilet Was Introduced
By Sir John Harrington in England
1593
      
Galileo Galilei Invented the Thermometer
1595
      
Romeo and Juliet Was First Performed
Jan 29 or 30 (probably)
1596
      
René Descartes Was Born
French philosopher and mathematician (d. 1650)
1598
      
The Edict of Nantes Was Signed
Ends the wars of religion


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