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17th Century Events

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56 facts:

1600
      
The Tokugawa Period Started
Japan
1601
      
The Battle of Kinsale Was Fought
One of the most important battles in Irish history
1603
      
Elizabeth I of England Died
Succeeded by her cousin, James VI of Scotland uniting the crowns of England and Scotland
1603
      
Ieyasu Was Appointed Shogun
Establishes the Tokugawa government in Edo (Tokyo)
1605
      
Book One of Don Quixote Was Published
In Madrid
1607
      
Jamestown Was Founded
The first English settlement to survive in North America was founded in modern Virginia
1608
      
Quebec Was Established
By Samuel de Champlain
1610
      
Galileo Published an Account of His Telescopic Observations
Argues in favor of a sun-centered Copernican theory of the universe
1614
      
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) Died
Greek/Spanish painter. produced many great masterpieces
1615
      
The Toyotomi Clan Was Destroyed
The clan was destroyed after Ieyasu captured Osaka Castle.
1616
      
Miguel De Cervantes Died
Author of Don Quixote
1616
      
William Shakespeare Died
Tradition says that he died on his birthday, April 23
1618
      
Kepler Discovered the Third Law of Planetary Motion
1618
      
Sir Walter Raleigh Died
Beheaded at the command of James VI
1618
      
The Thirty Years War Began
1619
      
Cyrano De Bergerac Was Born
French soldier and poet
1620
      
The Mayflower Landed at Plymouth Rock
Puritan pilgrims arrive in North America at Cape Cod.
1626
      
Francis Bacon Died
English philosopher, statesman and essayist
1626
      
Manhattan Was Purchased from the Indians
Purchased from the Delaware Native Americans for trade goods worth about $500-$700 in today's dollars.
1626
      
St Peter's Basilica Was Completed
In Vatican City
1627
      
The Siege of La Rochelle Started
Protestants under siege by Cardinal Richelieu, they eventually capitulate
1632
      
Building of the Taj Mahal Began
Mauseleum for Mumtaz Mahal
1632
      
John Locke Was Born
English philosopher
1637
      
The Pequot War Began
First of the American Indian wars
1637
      
The Tulip Bubble Burst
In The Netherlands; considered the first big economic bubble where prices deviate from intrinsic value
1641
      
The Dutch Captured Malacca
Dutch masteryof the Portuguese fort at Malacca allowed them to control the spice trade.
1642
      
Blaise Pascal Built a Mechanical Calculator
For addition and subtraction
1644
      
The Manchu Qing Dynasty Was Established
China
1645
      
The Russians Reached the Pacific Ocean
1647
      
The Friends Service Council Was Founded
The Quakers
1648
      
The Peace of Westphalia Was Agreed
Ends the Thirty Years War
1649
      
King Charles I Was Beheaded
For high treason
1649
      
St. Jean-de-Brébeuf Was Martyred
At Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, near Midland, Ontario in Canada
1651
      
Thomas Hobbes Published Leviathan
A classic work concerned with society and legitimate government
1652
      
The First Anglo-Dutch War Began
A trade war
1656
      
Christiaan Huygans Described the Rings of Saturn
Dutch mathematician and astronomer
1658
      
Aurangzeb Became Emperor
The last great Mughal Emperor. India
1661
      
Louis XIV Became King of France
Sees himself a model for absolute monarch; "L'état c'est moi," he declares
1662
      
The Dutch East India Company's Administration of Taiwan Ended
1662
      
The Ming Dynasty Ended
China
1664
      
British Conquered New Amsterdam
Rename the city New York
1665
      
The Second Anglo-Dutch War Began
1666
      
Carignan-Salières Regiment Arrived in New France
The first group of professional soldiers arrive in North America to fight the Iroquois Confederacy.
1666
      
The Great Fire of London Started
September 2-5
1672
      
The Third Anglo-Dutch War Started
1674
      
Maratha Empire Began
India
1680
      
Khan Teuke Became Kazakh Leader
1682
      
LaSalle Explored the Mississippi
Robert de LaSalle explores length of the Mississippi River and claims it for France
1682
      
Peter the Great Became Joint Ruler of Russia
Becomes sole tsar in 1696
1682
      
Peter the Great Became Tsar of Russia
Jointly ruled before 1696 with his half-brother.
1683
      
John III of Poland Defeated Turks in Vienna
1685
      
Johann Sebastian Bach Was Born
Prolific German composer was the epitome of the Baroque Era.
1687
      
Isaac Newton Published "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica"
1688
      
England's "Glorious Revolution" Occured
1689
      
The Treaty of Nerchinsk Was Signed
The treathy, between Russia and China, ends border clashes in Manchuria
1692
      
The Salem Witch Trials Began
Result in a number of convictions and executions for witchcraft


Facts contributed by:


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