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18th Century Events

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64 facts:

1701
      
The War of the Spanish Succession Began
Known as Queen Anne's War in North America
1703
      
St. Petersburg Was Founded
By Peter the Great; Russian capital until 1918
1704
      
John Locke Died
Author of "An Essay Concerning Understanding"; formative in the development of the US Constitution
1707
      
The Act of Union Merged Scotland and England
Establishes the Kingdom of Great Britain
1713
      
The Treaty of Utrecht Was Signed
Actually a series of treaties that brought an end to The War of the Spanish Succession
1714
      
Alexander Pope Wrote "The Rape of the Lock"
1714
      
Queen Anne Stuart Died
August 1
1714
      
Tea Was First Introduced Into the American Colonies
Fact especially prepared for TeaBag. Found it .. finally!!
1715
      
Louis XIV of France Died
The Sun King leaves France deep in debt
1718
      
New Orleans Was Founded
The Big Easy was founded by the French in North America
1719
      
Daniel Defoe Wrote Robinson Crusoe
1721
      
J. S. Bach Presented the Brandenburg Concertos
Six concertos presented to Margrave Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg-Schwedt
1721
      
Robert Walpole Became Prime Minister
1676-1745. Britain's first PM. Prime Minister was originally used as an insult. The actual title is "First Lord of the Treasury"
1721
      
The Treaty of Nystad Was Signed
Ends the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden
1722
      
Easter Island Was Discovered
By Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator
1722
      
Samoa Was Discovered
By Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator
1725
      
Peter the Great Died
King of Russia
1726
      
Jonathan Swift Published Gulliver's Travels
Amended in 1735, the satirical Gulliver's Travels is the magnus-opus of Jonathan Swift and one of the undisputable masterpieces of English literature.
1732
      
Poor Richard's Almanac First Appeared in Print
1736
      
Chi'en Lung Became Emperor of China
1739
      
The Methodist Church Was Founded
By John Wesley
1739
      
The War of Jenkins Ear Began
Conflict between Great Britain and Spain. Became the War of Austrian Succession.
1740
      
The Austrian War of Succession Began
1740
      
Frederick the Great Became King of Prussia
1712-1786
1744
      
King George's War Began
American phase of the War of Austrian Succession
1745
      
The Great Irish Famine Began
Estimated that one million people starved and another half million emigrated to Britain or North America
1748
      
The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle Was Signed
Ends the War of Austrian Succession
1751
      
The Lightning Conductor Was Invented
By Benjamin Franklin
1752
      
David Hume Published Political Discourses
1754
      
The French and Indian War Began
Known in Canada as the War of Conquest
1755
      
The Great Lisbon Earthquake Struck
Nov. 1, kills more than 60,000 people
1755
      
Samuel Johnson Published Dictionary of the English Language
1756
      
The Seven Years War Began
Same Anglo-French war as the one begun two years earlier in North America
1756
      
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Was Born
January 27
1757
      
William Blake Was Born
In London, Nov. 28
1759
      
The British Captured Qu├ębec
Deaths of Generals Wolfe and Montcalm
1759
      
Robert Burns Was Born
Jan. 25, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland
1759
      
Voltaire Published Candide
1760
      
George III Became King of Britain
George III ruled Britain and the UK for nearly sixty years. The US became independent during his reign.
1762
      
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Published The Social Contract
One of the important sources in the development of the American Constitution
1763
      
The Treaty of Paris Was Signed
Ends the Seven Years War; referred to by Winston Churchill as the first world war
1765
      
Joseph II Became Holy Roman Emperor
Reduced the power of the Church, abolished serfdom
1768
      
Captain James Cook's First Voyage Started
British navigator and explorer visited Tahiti, New Zealand and Australia
1769
      
The Bengal Famine Began
Kills one third of the Indian population
1770
      
Ludwig Von Beethoven Was Born
December 16
1775
      
The American Revolutionary War Began
1775-1783; results in the formation of the United States
1776
      
Adam Smith Published The Wealth of Nations
First modern work in the field of economics
1776
      
Thomas Paine Published Common Sense
Document denouncing British rule in the Thirteen Colonies of North America
1782
      
U. S. Opened First Embassy
In the Dutch Republic
1783
      
Great Britain Recognized the U.S.A.
1786
      
Mozart Published Le Nozze Di Figaro
In Austria
1787
      
Don Giovanni Was Published
Opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
1787
      
Freetown Was Founded
Freed slaves from London founded Freetown in present day Sierra Leone
1788
      
First European Settlement Was Established in Australia
At Sydney
1789
      
The Bastille Was Stormed
Paris mob storms the Bastille prison, July 14; today's French national holiday
1789
      
George Washington Became the First President of the U.S.A.
Serves until 1797
1789
      
William Blake Published Songs of Innocence
1791
      
The Haitian Revolution Occurred
A slave rebellion established Haiti as a free black republic
1791
      
James Boswell Published Life of Johnson
1792
      
French Republic Was Declared
1793
      
Louis XVI of France Was Executed
By decapitation, January 21, the crowd cries, "Vive la nation!"
1794
      
Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
1796
      
George Washington's Farewell Address Was Published
1798
      
The Irish Rebellion Occurred
100,000 peasants revolt, 25,000 die


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