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30 facts:

Alan Shepard
   was   
The First American to Fly in Space
However, he did NOT circle the earth on his first flight. He was the second person in space.
Buzz Aldrin
   was   
The Second Man to Set Foot on the Moon
An American aviator and astronaut, who was the Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 11
Byron K. Lichtenberg
   was   
The First Non-governmental Space Traveller
A researcher from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who flew on STS-9 in 1983
Christa McAuliffe
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Challenger Accident
American Payload Specialist Astronaut. Born 2 September 1948. Died 28 January 1986. Was to have been the first teacher in space.
David Scott
   was   
The First Person to Drive on the Moon
As commander of the Apollo 15 mission, the fourth human lunar landing, he was the seventh person to walk on the Moon.
Dick Scobee
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Challenger Accident
Mission commander. Pilot of the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984.
Dr Judith Resnik
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Challenger Accident
American Mission Specialist Astronaut. Born 5 April 1949. Died 28 January 1986. Engineer.
Dr Kalpana Chawla
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Columbia Disintegration
American Mission Specialist Astronaut. First Indian-American woman in space. Died 1 February 2003. Engineer.
Dr Kathy Sullivan
   was   
The First American Woman to Walk in Space
American Mission Specialist Astronaut. Born 3 October 1951. Geologist.
Edward White
   was   
The First American to Walk in Space
Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
Eileen Collins
   was   
The First Female Shuttle Pilot
American Pilot Astronaut. Also the first female spacecraft commander.
Eileen Collins
   was   
The First Female Spacecraft Commander
American Pilot Astronaut. Also the first female shuttle pilot.
Gherman Titov
   was   
The First Human to Spend 24 Hours in Orbit
He was the Soviet Union's second cosmonaut.
Gus Grissom
   was   
The First Astronaut to Fly in Space Twice
Killed during a training exercise for the Apollo One mission on January 27, 1967.
Helen Sharman
   was   
Britain's First Astronaut
Research Cosmonaut aboard The Soyuz TM-12. Sharman was selected to travel in space on 25 November 1989, beating 13,000 applicants to be the first British astronaut. The programme was known as Project Juno and was a cooperative arrangement between the Soviet Union and a group of British companies. Sharman spent several days on Mir space station.
James Lovell, Jr.
   was   
The Pilot of Apollo 8, the First Orbit Around the Moon
He also commanded Apollo 13, the mission that had to be aborted because of an explosion on board.
John Glenn
   was   
The First American Astronaut to Orbit the Earth
Also the first astronaut to address the United Nations
John Glenn
   was   
The Oldest Person Who Has Flown in Space
Was 77 when he flew on STS-95
Joseph Walker
   was   
The First Person to Enter Space Twice
In 1963, Walker made two X-15 flights beyond 100 kilometers - the edge of space. These were the only powered spaceplane flights past that threshold until SpaceShipOne in 2004.
Laurel Clark
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Columbia Disintegration
American Mission Specialist Astronaut. Born 10 March 1961. Died 1 February 2003.
Neil Armstrong
   was   
The First Person to Set Foot on the Moon
His first spaceflight was aboard Gemini 8 in 1966, for which he was the command pilot. On this mission, he performed the first manned docking of two spacecraft together with pilot David Scott. Armstrong's second and last spaceflight was as mission commander of the Apollo 11 moon landing mission on July 20, 1969.
Pete Conrad
   was   
The Commander of the First Skylab Mission
The third person to walk on the Moon - Apollo 12.
Rick Husband
   was   
Killed in the Shuttle Columbia Disintegration
Mission commander. He piloted a previous shuttle during the first docking with the International Space Station (STS-96).
Ron Evans
   was   
The Last Person to Fly in Space Alone
Apollo 17 pilot
Sally Ride
   was   
The First American Woman in Space
During Space Shuttle Challenger's mission STS-7, on June 18, 1983
Svetlana Savitskaya
   was   
The First Woman to Walk in Space
Was the second woman in space. Russian Engineer Cosmonaut. Born 8 August 1948. Test pilot, engineer.
Valentina Tereshkova
   was   
The First Woman in Space
Russian Cosmonaut who was launched into space in June 1963 aboard Vostok 6.
William Anders
   was   
The First Asian-born Astronaut
During the first mission to orbit the moon in Apollo 8 in 1968. Anders was born in Hong Kong. Anders took a photograph of Earthrise that has become one of the most celebrated of the US space program.
Yáng Lìwěi
   was   
The First Person Launched by a Chinese Space Program
His mission, Shenzhou 5, made the PRC the third country to independently send people into space.
Yuri Gagarin
   was   
The First Human in Space
He spent a total 1 hour 48 minutes in space


Facts contributed by:


JMK








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