Birds - Orders of Class
|Your overall rating on Birds - Orders of Class = |
|Your best rally score on Birds - Orders of Class = 0 facts|
All modern birds fall within the subclass Neornithes, which has two subdivisions: the Paleognathae, containing mostly flightless birds like kiwis, and the Neognathae, containing all other birds. These two subdivisions are often given the rank of superorder, although Livezey & Zusi calls them "cohort" ranks. Depending on the taxonomic viewpoint, the number of known living bird species varies anywhere from 9,800 to 10,050.
This subject is limited to 10 examples of each order. Where there is some dispute both orders have been given eg. There are two taxonomic approaches to ratite classification: one combines the groups as families in the order Struthioniformes, while the other supposes that the lineages evolved mostly independently and thus elevates the families to order rank (e.g. Rheiformes, Casuariformes etc.).
|142 facts:||<< Prev Next >>|
Hornbills. Family: Bucorvidae
Ibis and Jabiru. Family: Ciconiidae
Collared Inca and Lazuline Sabrewing. Family: Trochilidae
Trogons. Family: Trogonidae.
Herons and Egrets. Family: Ardeidae
Flamingos. Family: Phoenicopteridae.
Teals and geese. Family: Anatidae
Shags. Family: Anhingidae
Show stron fidelity both to their mates and their next sites
Gulls, button-quails, plovers and allies. Family: Alcidae.
Falcons, eagles, hawks and allies. Family: Acciptridae.
Partridges. Family: Cracidae
Other passeriformes include: Woodcreeper, blue vanga, Andean Tapaculo (frequents dense undergrowth and shrubbery), Brown Thrasher (very shy, tends to spend time on the ground), banded pitta, Wire-tailed Manakin (brightly-colored fruit eater), cedar waxwing, Northern mocking bird and the green broadbill.
Woodpeckers and allies. Family: Bucconidae.
Caracaras. Family: Acciptridae
Kingfishers and allies. Family: Cerylidae.
Macaws. Family: Psittacidae
Habit of flying low over water with lower bill in water to catch food
Waterfowl. Family: Anatidae.
Widespread in Australasia
Horned screamer. Family: Anatidae
Swifts. Family: Trochilidae.
American Kestrel. Family: Cathartidae
Hummingbirds. Family: Trochilidae. Originally in the order Apodiformes along with swifts but now separated into its own order.
Budgerigar. Family: Psittacidae
Remains common only in parts of Ireland
Lapwings and Oystercatchers. Family: Alcidae
A peafowl, has the longest tail feathers in the world
Family Cariamidae, restricted to South America
Extinct; confined to the island of Mauritius, exterminated by early explorers before 1680
Terns and Yellowlegs. Family: Burhinidae
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Tinamiformes
Tinamous. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Tinamidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Penguins. Family: Spheniscidae.
Cassowaries and emus. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Casuariidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes.
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Casuariiformes
Breeds on moorland and winters on coastal mudflats and river estuaries
Among the most widespread of all songbirds
Sparrows. Family: Corvidae
Extinct; last birds killed in Iceland in 1844
Pelicans and allies. Family: Phalacrocoracidae.
Widely distributed in the temperate parts of Eurasia, Africa and Australia
Rheas. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Rheidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Rheiformes
Toucans. Family: Ramphastidae
Genus circus; low-flying hawks over open fields
Flooded forests and river banks in Amazonia
Forested lakes and swamps in North America
Woodpeckers and allies. Family: Picidae.
Crested Bobwhite. Family: Odontophoridae
Kiwis. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Apterygiformes
Cranes and allies. Family: Otididae.
Usually encountered in pairs in open country in Africa
Orange-throated Sunangel and Sparkling Violetear. Family: Trochilidae
Suborder, Oscines; family, Menuridae; eastern Australia. Has a large tail similar in shape to a lyre. Lyrebirds are known for their mimicry.
Cuckoos and turacos. Family: Cuculidae.
Feeds on the ground in rainforest and mangrove swamps
A. gentilis; genus accipiter
Motmots. Family: Coraciidae
Ratites. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Struthionidae.
Gets its name from the design of its nest
Large colorful Asian stork common in marshlands
Extinct; last one died in the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914
Common in grasslands in New Guinea and in northern and eastern Australia
Southern Europe and North Africa
Polytelis alexandrae; Australia
Widely distributed in Africa
National bird of Guatemala
Northern and eastern Australia
Lives in groups in East African scrublands
Tropicbirds. Family: Phaethontidae
Grassland in northern and eastern Australia
A population wintering in Hakkaido, Japan proclaimed a "special national monument"
Ancestor of the domestic chicken
Hill forests in Central China
American southwest; inspiration for the Looney Tunes character
Doves and pigeons. Family: Columbidae.
Albatrosses, petrels, and allies Family: Diomedeidae.
Inhabinent of dense rainforest
Subject of a vigorous program of reintroduction in Thailand
Common in open country from south-central US to Panama
No obvious close relatives; hunts on the ground
Boobys and Northern Gannet. Family: Balaenicipitidae
Family Alaudidae; renowned for its vocal powers
Largest (along with allied Abyssinian Ground Hornbill)
Widespread in South America
Parrots and allies. Family: Psittacididae.
Rails. Family: Eurypygidae
Nightjars and allies. Family: Podargidae.
Passerines. Family: Corvidae.
Also Trogoniformes. Inhabits rainforest edges from Mexico to Amazonia
Also coliformes. Inhabits rainforest edges from Mexico to Amazonia
Cuckoos and turacos. Family: Musophagidae
Grebes. Family: Podicipediate.
Storks and allies. Family: Threskiornithidae.
Fowl. Family: Phasianidae.
G. americana; on conservation watch
Finches. Family: Emberizizidae
Facts contributed by: