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Birds - Orders of Class

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All modern birds fall within the subclass Neornithes, which has two subdivisions: the Paleognathae, containing mostly flightless birds like kiwis, and the Neognathae, containing all other birds. These two subdivisions are often given the rank of superorder, although Livezey & Zusi calls them "cohort" ranks. Depending on the taxonomic viewpoint, the number of known living bird species varies anywhere from 9,800 to 10,050.

This subject is limited to 10 examples of each order. Where there is some dispute both orders have been given eg. There are two taxonomic approaches to ratite classification: one combines the groups as families in the order Struthioniformes, while the other supposes that the lineages evolved mostly independently and thus elevates the families to order rank (e.g. Rheiformes, Casuariformes etc.).

142 facts:

Abbot's Booby
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
African Grand Hornbill
   belong to the order   
Bucerotiformes
Hornbills. Family: Bucorvidae
African Openbill
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Ibis and Jabiru. Family: Ciconiidae
Amazilia Hummingbird
   belong to the order   
Apodiformes
Collared Inca and Lazuline Sabrewing. Family: Trochilidae
Amazonian White-Tailed Trogon
   belong to the order   
Trogoniformes
Trogons. Family: Trogonidae.
American Bittern
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Herons and Egrets. Family: Ardeidae
American Flamingo
   belong to the order   
Phoenicopteriformes
Flamingos. Family: Phoenicopteridae.
American Wigeon
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Teals and geese. Family: Anatidae
Anhinga
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Shags. Family: Anhingidae
Arctic Tern
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Show stron fidelity both to their mates and their next sites
Ascension Frigatebird
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Atlantic Puffin
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Gulls, button-quails, plovers and allies. Family: Alcidae.
Australian Masked Owl
   belong to the order   
Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
Bald Eagle
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
Falcons, eagles, hawks and allies. Family: Acciptridae.
Banded Lapwing
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Common Australian plover
Bare-faced Curassow
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Partridges. Family: Cracidae
Barn Swallow
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Other passeriformes include: Woodcreeper, blue vanga, Andean Tapaculo (frequents dense undergrowth and shrubbery), Brown Thrasher (very shy, tends to spend time on the ground), banded pitta, Wire-tailed Manakin (brightly-colored fruit eater), cedar waxwing, Northern mocking bird and the green broadbill.
Barred Puffbird
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Woodpeckers and allies. Family: Bucconidae.
Bearded Vulture
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
Caracaras. Family: Acciptridae
Belted Kingfisher
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Kingfishers and allies. Family: Cerylidae.
Black-faced Spoonbill
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Platalea minor
Black Korhaan
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Southern Africa
Black Lory
   belong to the order   
Psittaciformes
Macaws. Family: Psittacidae
Black Skimmer
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Habit of flying low over water with lower bill in water to catch food
Black Swan
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Waterfowl. Family: Anatidae.
Black-tailed Godwit
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Family Scolopacidae
Brown Tinamou
   belong to the order   
Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Brush Bronzewing
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Buff-banded Rail
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Widespread in Australasia
Bufflehead
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Horned screamer. Family: Anatidae
Buff - Tailed Coronet
   belong to the order   
Apodiformes
Swifts. Family: Trochilidae.
California Condor
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
American Kestrel. Family: Cathartidae
Calliope Humingbird
   belong to the order   
Trochiliformes
Hummingbirds. Family: Trochilidae. Originally in the order Apodiformes along with swifts but now separated into its own order.
Canada Goose
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Cape Gannet
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Chestnut-breasted Malkoha
   belong to the order   
Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
Chilean Flamingo
   belong to the order   
Phoenicopteriformes
Family: Phoenicopteridae
Chinese Egret
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
E. eulophotes
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Highlands of East Africa
Cockatiel
   belong to the order   
Psittaciformes
Budgerigar. Family: Psittacidae
Comcrake
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Remains common only in parts of Ireland
Common Murre
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Lapwings and Oystercatchers. Family: Alcidae
Crested Argus
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
A peafowl, has the longest tail feathers in the world
Crested Seriema
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Family Cariamidae, restricted to South America
Dodo
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Extinct; confined to the island of Mauritius, exterminated by early explorers before 1680
Double-striped Thicknee
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Terns and Yellowlegs. Family: Burhinidae
Elegant Crested Tinamou
   belong to the order   
Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Tinamiformes
Elegant Crested Tinamou
   belong to the order   
Tinamiformes
Tinamous. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Tinamidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Emperor Penguin
   belong to the order   
Sphenisciformes
Penguins. Family: Spheniscidae.
Emu
   belong to the order   
Casuariiformes
Cassowaries and emus. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Casuariidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes.
Emu
   belong to the order   
Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Casuariiformes
Eurasian Curlew
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Breeds on moorland and winters on coastal mudflats and river estuaries
European Meadow Pipit
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Among the most widespread of all songbirds
Fish Crow
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Sparrows. Family: Corvidae
Great Auk
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Extinct; last birds killed in Iceland in 1844
Great Cormorant
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Pelicans and allies. Family: Phalacrocoracidae.
Great Crested Grebe
   belong to the order   
Gaviformes
Widely distributed in the temperate parts of Eurasia, Africa and Australia
Great Grey Owl
   belong to the order   
Strigiformes
Owls. Family: Strigidae.
Great Northern Loon
   belong to the order   
Gaviiformes
Loons. Family: Gaviidae.
Great Rhea
   belong to the order   
Rheiformes
Rheas. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Rheidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Great Rhea
   belong to the order   
Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Rheiformes
Green Aracari
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Toucans. Family: Ramphastidae
Green Peafowl
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Southeast Asia
Harrier
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
Genus circus; low-flying hawks over open fields
Hoatzin
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Flooded forests and river banks in Amazonia
Hooded Merganser
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Forested lakes and swamps in North America
Humbolt Penguin
   belong to the order   
Sphenisciformes
Family: Sphenisicidae
Ivory-Billed Woodpecker
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Woodpeckers and allies. Family: Picidae.
King Eider
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
High Arctic
King Quail
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Crested Bobwhite. Family: Odontophoridae
Kiwi
   belong to the order   
Apterygiformes
Kiwis. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Struthioniformes
Kiwi
   belong to the order   
Struthioniformes
Ratites. Family: Apterygidae. Alternative order: Apterygiformes
Kori Bustard
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Cranes and allies. Family: Otididae.
Laughing Kookaburra
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Lilac-breasted Roller
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Usually encountered in pairs in open country in Africa
Limpkin
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Coots. Family: Aramidae
Little Penguin
   belong to the order   
Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Longtailed Sylph
   belong to the order   
Apodiformes
Orange-throated Sunangel and Sparkling Violetear. Family: Trochilidae
Lotusbird
   belong to the order   
Charadriiformes
Aka Comb-crested Jacana
Lyrebird
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Suborder, Oscines; family, Menuridae; eastern Australia. Has a large tail similar in shape to a lyre. Lyrebirds are known for their mimicry.
Madagascar Heron
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Ardea humbloti
Mangrove Cuckoo
   belong to the order   
Cuculiformes
Cuckoos and turacos. Family: Cuculidae.
Mindanao Bleeding-heart
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Morepork
   belong to the order   
Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Mousebird
   belong to the order   
Coliiformes
Africa
Nicobar Pigeon
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Feeds on the ground in rainforest and mangrove swamps
Northern Fulmar
   belong to the order   
Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Northern Goshawk
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
A. gentilis; genus accipiter
Oilbird
   belong to the order   
Caprimulgiformes
Family: Steatornithidae
Oriental Dollarbird
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Motmots. Family: Coraciidae
Osprey
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
Pandion haliaetus
Ostrich
   belong to the order   
Struthioniformes
Ratites. Super-order: Palaeognathae. Family: Struthionidae.
Ovenbird
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Gets its name from the design of its nest
Painted Stork
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Large colorful Asian stork common in marshlands
Passenger Pigeon
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Extinct; last one died in the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914
Pheasant Coucal
   belong to the order   
Cuculiformes
Common in grasslands in New Guinea and in northern and eastern Australia
Pied-billed Grebe
   belong to the order   
Podicipediformes
Family: Podicipediate
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Southern Europe and North Africa
Princess Parrot
   belong to the order   
Psittaciformes
Polytelis alexandrae; Australia
Puerto Rican Tody
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Smallest
Purple Gallinule
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
North and South America
Purple-necked Jacamar
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Purple Wood Hoopoe
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Widely distributed in Africa
Quetzal
   belong to the order   
Coliiformes
National bird of Guatemala
Rainbow Lorikeet
   belong to the order   
Psittaciformes
Northern and eastern Australia
Red-and-yellow Barbet
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Lives in groups in East African scrublands
Red-billed Tropicbird
   belong to the order   
Phaethontiformes
Tropicbirds. Family: Phaethontidae
Red-breasted Goose
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
Western Asia
Red-crested Buttonquail
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Grassland in northern and eastern Australia
Red-crowned Crane
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
A population wintering in Hakkaido, Japan proclaimed a "special national monument"
Red Junglefowl
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Ancestor of the domestic chicken
Red-necked Grebe
   belong to the order   
Podicipediformes
Family: Podicipediate
Reeve's Pheasant
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Hill forests in Central China
Rifleman
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
A New Zealand wren
Roadrunner
   belong to the order   
Cuculiformes
American southwest; inspiration for the Looney Tunes character
Rock Dove
   belong to the order   
Columbiformes
Doves and pigeons. Family: Columbidae.
Royal Albatross
   belong to the order   
Procellariiformes
Albatrosses, petrels, and allies Family: Diomedeidae.
Rufous Motmot
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Inhabinent of dense rainforest
Sarus Crane
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Subject of a vigorous program of reintroduction in Thailand
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Common in open country from south-central US to Panama
Secretarybird
   belong to the order   
Falconiformes
No obvious close relatives; hunts on the ground
Shoebill
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Boobys and Northern Gannet. Family: Balaenicipitidae
Skylark
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Family Alaudidae; renowned for its vocal powers
Solitary Tinamou
   belong to the order   
Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Southern Ground Hornbill
   belong to the order   
Coraciiformes
Largest (along with allied Abyssinian Ground Hornbill)
Spot-billed Pelican
   belong to the order   
Pelecaniformes
Sulphur-breasted Toucan
   belong to the order   
Piciformes
Widespread in South America
Sulphur-Crested Cockatoo
   belong to the order   
Psittaciformes
Parrots and allies. Family: Psittacididae.
Sunbittern
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
Rails. Family: Eurypygidae
Tawny Frogmouth
   belong to the order   
Caprimulgiformes
Nightjars and allies. Family: Podargidae.
Tropical Boubou
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Passerines. Family: Corvidae.
Violaceous Trogon
   belong to the order   
Coliiformes
Also Trogoniformes. Inhabits rainforest edges from Mexico to Amazonia
Violaceous Trogon
   belong to the order   
Trogoniformes
Also coliformes. Inhabits rainforest edges from Mexico to Amazonia
Violet Turaco
   belong to the order   
Cuculiformes
Cuckoos and turacos. Family: Musophagidae
Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel
   belong to the order   
Procellariiformes
Family: Hydrobatidae
Western Grebe
   belong to the order   
Podicipediformes
Grebes. Family: Podicipediate.
White Ibis
   belong to the order   
Ciconiiformes
Storks and allies. Family: Threskiornithidae.
White-naped Swift
   belong to the order   
Apodiformes
Largest
White-Tailed Ptarmigan
   belong to the order   
Galliformes
Fowl. Family: Phasianidae.
Whooping Crane
   belong to the order   
Gruiformes
G. americana; on conservation watch
Wood Duck
   belong to the order   
Anseriformes
North America
Yellowhammer
   belong to the order   
Passeriformes
Finches. Family: Emberizizidae


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