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Films - Judy Garland

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Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm. Judy Garland (Baby Gumm), Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm were variously billed as The Gumm sisters, The Garland sisters, The Vitaphone Kiddies, Ethel Meglin's Hollywood Wonder Kiddies and The Meglin Kiddies. Judy Garland made 5 short films prior to signing with MGM in the fall on 1935. Her film debut was in the 1929 short The Big Revue singing "That's The Good Old Sunny South" with her sisters Dorothy Virginia and Mary Jane . This is also the earliest known recording of Judy Garland singing. At this point, she and her sisters were known as 'The Gumm Sisters'. By the time they filmed the 1935 short La Fiesta de Santa Barbara they had changed their name to 'The Garland Sisters' and 'Baby Gumm was going by the name of Judy Garland. Her salary on signing with MGM was $100 per week.

27 facts:

Babes in Arms (1939)
   also starred   
Mickey Rooney and Charles Winninger
Garland was honoured with an Academy Juvenile Award "for her outstanding performance as a screen juvenile during the past year" for this film and Oz.
Babes on Broadway (1941)
   also starred   
Mickey Rooney and Fay Bainter
The role of Barbara Jo was intended for Shirley Temple but 20th Century Fox refused to loan her for the movie.
The Big Revue (1929)
   also starred   
Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm
(Aka The Starlet Review) Judy’s first film appearance. The film was made on June 11, 12, & 13, 1929 just after Judy's seventh birthday on June 10th. All of her film appearances in 1929-1930 were in short subjects. promoted as "The Big Revue" with "Ethel Meglin's Hollywood Wonder Kiddies"
Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937)
   also starred   
Eleanor Powell, Robert Taylor and Buddy Ebsen
Also starred Sophie Tucker. Judy danced with Ebsen in this feature. The following year, Ebsen was slated to play the Tin Man in the Wizard of Oz, but he was forced to withdraw when he became ill, nearly died, in fact, due to an allergic reaction to the aluminium powder used in the character’s face makeup. His vocals remain whenever the song "We're off to see the Wizard" is played.
Bubbles (1930)
   also starred   
Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm
This was Judy’s fourth appearance on film. The previous three were: The Big Revue, A Holiday in Storyland, and Jack and Jill. Bubbles' is a one-reel Vitaphone Variety, originally shot in Technicolor, but now only surviving in black and white. An all-kiddie musical, this short marks the earliest surviving screen appearance of Judy Garland with her sisters, billed as The Vitaphone Kiddies.
Easter Parade (1948)
   also starred   
Fred Astaire, Peter Lawford and Ann Miller
This was MGM's highest grossing film of 1948. The shedding feathered gown worn by Judy Garland when she dances with Fred Astaire in one number is an inside joke reference to Ginger Rogers' problematic gown dancing with Fred Astaire in Top Hat (1935). An ostrich feather broke loose from Ginger Rogers' elaborate gown and stubbornly floated in mid air around Astaire's face.
Everybody Sing! (1938)
   also starred   
Allan Jones, Fanny Brice and Billie Burke
The title was originally The Ugly Duckling; it was subsequently changed to Swing Fever, and finally to Everybody Sing. Brice performed one of her famous Baby Snooks routines in this movie.
Every Sunday (1936)
   also starred   
Deanna Durbin
This short is notable for the former Baby Gumm’s first solo billing as Judy Garland. MGM used it to help them decide whether to keep the “hot” (jazzy) Judy or the “sweet” (quasi
For Me and My Gal (1942)
   also starred   
George Murphy and Gene Kelly
This was the first film in which Judy Garland had her name billed before the title, which showed her growing importance and stature at MGM.
The Harvey Girls (1946)
   also starred   
John Hodiak, Ray Bolger and Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury was often hissed at in public after this film was released, simply because she played Judy Garland's rival and Garland was so beloved by the public.
Holiday in Storyland (1929)
   also starred   
Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm
As The Gumm Sisters/ The Vitaphone Kiddies. Included the song "Blue Butterfly" (Baby Gumm - this is Judy Garland's first film solo).
In the Good Old Summertime (1949)
   also starred   
Van Johnson, and S. Z. Sakall
Also Buster Keaton. Liza Minnelli appears in the final scene. She's the little girl with Van Johnson and her mother, Judy Garland.
Judgement at Nuremberg (1961)
   also starred   
Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, and Marlene Dietrich
Also starred Richard Widmark, Maximilian Schell and Montgomery Clift. Garland received Oscar and Golden Globe nominations for best supporting actress.
La Fiesta De Santa Barbara (1935)
   also starred   
Andy Devine, Warner Baxter and Ralph Forbes
Andy plays a bullfighter in this short! There are also cameo appearances by Buster Keaton, Robert Taylor, Ida Lupino, Harpo Marx, Warner Baxter, Gary Cooper, and several others. This is the first time Judy was filmed in (the then new) 3-strip Technicolor. The short was basically an excuse to show off this new process. Several major stars, including Clark Gable and Randolph Scott, made brief appearances in the film solely to see how they would look in this new colour process. It was nominated for an Academy Award in 1936 for Best Short Subject (Color).Judy would not appear in another colour film until The Wizard Of Oz in 1939.
La Fiesta De Santa Barbara (1935)
   also starred   
Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm
This was the only film appearance where the Gumm girls were billed as the Garland Sisters. Song: "La Cucharacha" (The Garland Sisters. The Garland Sisters appear in this MGM film, yet Judy was not "discovered" by MGM until one month later, especially since the Garland Sisters are listed fourth in the opening credits. Obviously, someone at MGM was aware of Judy's talent before her audition for L.B. Mayer in September 1935. This was the Garland (Gumm) Sister's last film together. Each sister gets a short solo in the song. Judy and her sisters sing about marijuana!
Listen, Darling (1938)
   also starred   
Freddie Bartholomew, Mary Astor, Walter Pidgeon
Astor would play Judy’s mother again six years later in Meet Me in St Louis.
Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938)
   also starred   
Mickey Rooney and Lewis Stone
Also starred Fay Holden, Cecilia Parker, Lana Turner and Ann Rutherford. Judy was injured in an auto accident on May 24, 1938, but despite three broken ribs and a punctured lung, she was back to the set on June 11.
Meet Me In St. Louis (1944)
   also starred   
Margaret O'Brien, Mary Astor and Lucille Bremer
Vincente Minnelli and Judy Garland met on this movie, and married soon afterwards.
Pigskin Parade (1936)
   also starred   
Stu Irwin, Jack Haley and Patsy Kelly
This was Judy’s first feature film. MGM loaned her to Fox, because they couldn’t figure out how to use her! Haley later played the Tin Man to Judy’s Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz. To quote Roger Ebert, "I cannot recommend the movie, but ... why the hell can't I? Just because it's godawful? What kind of reason is that for staying away from a movie? Godawful and boring, that would be a reason." Betty Grable also featured in this movie.
The Pirate (1948)
   also starred   
Gene Kelly and Walter Slezak
Judy Garland missed 99 of the 135 shooting days due to illness. The film was a major financial bust upon release, eventually losing $2 million for MGM.
Presenting Lily Mars (1943)
   also starred   
Van Heflin, Fay Bainter and Richard Carlson
It is often cited as Garland's first film playing an adult type role (although For Me and My Gal, released the previous year, is also often credited thus).
A Star is Born (1954)
   also starred   
James Mason and Jack Carson
Garland won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
Summer Stock (1950)
   also starred   
Gene Kelly and Eddie Bracken
Judy Garland is said to have been at the height of her drug addiction throughout filming, resulting in her weight changes, mood-swings, and unexplained illnesses. It was due to this behaviour that MGM fired her after filming completed.
Thoroughbreds Don’t Cry (1937)
   also starred   
Mickey Rooney, Ronald Sinclair and C. Aubrey Smith
Also starred Sophie Tucker. The first of Judy’s ten appearances with Mickey Rooney.
The Wedding of Jack and Jill (1930)
   also starred   
Mary Jane Gumm and Dorothy Virginia Gumm
As The Gumm Sisters/ The Vitaphone Kiddies. An 8 min. short musical.
The Wedding of Jack and Jill (1930)
   also starred   
Peggy Ryan and Johnnie Pirrone Jr.
An 8 min. short musical.
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
   also starred   
Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr and Jack Haley
Although Judy Garland was always the favorite to play Dorothy, there were many other actresses in Hollywood who were also considered to play her. Among them were Shirley Temple, who was closer to the actual age of Dorothy and extremely popular at the time.

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