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Forts and Castles

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58 facts:

Aljafería
   is/was found in   
Spain
A fortified palace built during the 11th century.
Arad Fort
   is/was found in   
Bahrain
15th Century fort.
Auckland Castle
   is/was found in   
England
This will confuse some people, but it's in Bishop Auckland, County Durham.
Baimaguan Fort
   is/was found in   
China
Built in the period of Emperor Yongle (1402-1424) of the Ming Dynasty.
Balmoral Castle
   is/was found in   
Scotland
A royal residence.
Beeston Castle
   is/was found in   
England
In Cheshire
Blarney Castle
   is/was found in   
Ireland
Home of the Blarney Stone, the legendary Stone of Eloquence. Kiss it and you’ll never be lost for words.
Casa Loma
   is/was found in   
Canada
Built in the early 20th century. Took 3 years and $3.5 million to build.
Castello Antico
   is/was found in   
Italy
Built in the 10th century.
Castel Sant'Angelo
   is/was found in   
Italy
Initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family between 135 and 139. It was later used as a fortress and castle.
Castle of Mey
   is/was found in   
Scotland
Favoured residence of the late Queen Mother.
Castle Rushen
   is/was found in   
Isle of Man
From before 1200 to present day. Formerly the home of the Norse King of Man. Rebuilt in 1344 after being partially destroyed by Robert the Bruce circa 1315.
Chambord Castle
   is/was found in   
France
Château de Chambord. Built in the 1500s by King François I.
Chepstow Castle
   is/was found in   
Wales
Aouthernmost of the castles on the Welsh-English border.
Comano Castle
   is/was found in   
Italy
Situated between between Tuscany and Emilia. The first mention of Comano is from the year 884 but according to archaeological finds, the area seems to have been inhabited since Roman times.
Conwy Castle
   is/was found in   
Wales
Part of a World Heritage site.
Dover Castle
   is/was found in   
England
Similar to the White Tower in the Tower of London
Edinburgh Castle
   is/was found in   
Scotland
Still in use as a military garrison.
Fort Breendonk
   is/was found in   
Belgium
Built in 1906 as part of the second ring of defenses around Antwerp to defend Belgium against a German attack.
Fort Buckley
   is/was found in   
New Zealand
Built in 1885 in Wellington, overlooking the site of the current Interislander ferry terminal this included two rifled muzzle loading guns, which had a range of about three kilometres. During World War 2 an anti-aircraft gun was installed. Not much remains of the former fort.
Fort Chambly
   is/was found in   
Canada
At the mouth of the Richelieu River; constructed by the French at the time of the Iroquois wars
Fort Cornwallis
   is/was found in   
Malaysia
An old star-shaped fort located on the NE coast of Penang, Malaysia. It was built by Captain Sir Francis Light after taking possession of the island from the Sultan of Kedah in 1786.
Fort Denison
   is/was found in   
Australia
A defensive facility occupying a small island located north of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Sydney Harbour, NSW, Australia. Fortification of the island began in 1841, resumed in 1855 and was complete in 1857 as a defence against a feared Russian invasion during the Crimean War.
Fort Du Roule
   is/was found in   
France
Originally constructed in thge 17th century overlooking the Cherbourg harbor; taken from the Germans by the US 79th Division in WWII
Fort Frontenac
   is/was found in   
Canada
Also know as Fort Cataraqui, it was a French trading post and military fort built in 1673 in what is now Kingston, Ontario. Positioned at the mouth of the Cataraqui River where the St. Lawrence River leaves Lake Ontario.
Fort George
   is/was found in   
Scotland
An 18th century fortress built to pacify the Scottish Highlands in the aftermath of the Jacobite rising of 1745, replacing an earlier Fort George built after the 1715 Jacobite rising.
Fort Jesus
   is/was found in   
Kenya
Built in 1593 by order of King Philip II of Spain, then ruler of the joint Portuguese and Spanish Kingdoms, located on Mombasa Island to guard the Old Port of Mombasa, Kenya.
Fort Kirribilli
   is/was found in   
Australia
Built during the Crimean War to defend Sydney Harbour.
Fort Mackinac
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
Built by Britain at the Straits of Mackinaw at the time of the American Revolution; restored and open to the public
Fort Manoel
   is/was found in   
Malta
Is a star fort that stands on Manoel Island in Marsamxett Harbour to the nw of Valletta and commands the entrance to Marsamxett Harbour and the anchorage of Sliema Creek.
Fort Matanzas
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest masonry fort in continental US
Fort Michilmackinac
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
Built by the French in 1715; reconstructed and site of annual pageant; Mackinaw City, Michigan
Fort Ohio
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
One of a chain of four forts protecting the frontier, was stockade fort erected by Job Pearsall in 1749 on the present site of Ridgeley, West Virginia. Was built of log construction, 45 feet long and 25 feet wide, with two stories.
Fort Pasir Panjang
   is/was found in   
Singapore
Also known as the Labrador. One of 11 coastal artillery forts built by the British in the 19th century to defend the passage into Keppel Harbour against piracy and foreign naval powers.
Fort Queenscliff
   is/was found in   
Australia
Built on the western entrance to Port Phillip, it dates from the Crimean War of 1854–1856, and was manned as a coastal defence installation continuously from 1883 to 1946.
Fortress Marienberg
   is/was found in   
Germany
On the Main river in Würzburg, Germany. It has been a fort since ancient times.
Fort Rohtas
   is/was found in   
India
The fort is situated about 1500 feet above sea level. There are approximately 2000 limestone steps leading to the fort which were probably meant for elephants.
Fort Sumter
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
Charleston, South Carolina, was site of 1st battle of the US Civil War in April 1861
Fort Ticonderoga
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
Strategically located on Lake Champlain. Originally named Fort Carillon.
Fort William Henry
   is/was found in   
The U.S.A.
On Lake George, a few miles from Fort Ticonceroga. Captured and destroyed by French.
Harlech Castle
   is/was found in   
Wales
Previously a sea defence - until the sea retreated.
Hirosaki Castle
   is/was found in   
Japan
Also known as Takaoka-jo. Built in 1611.
Larnach Castle
   is/was found in   
New Zealand
New Zealand’s only castle, built in 1871 by William Larnach.
Leeds Castle
   is/was found in   
England
Confusingly not in Leeds, but more than 200 miles away in Kent.
Matsumae Castle
   is/was found in   
Japan
Also known as Fukuyama-jo. Built in 1849 and reconstructed in 1959. Considered to be the last of Japan’s traditional castles.
Montfort Castle
   is/was found in   
Israel
Built by crusaders.
Neuschwanstein Castle
   is/was found in   
Germany
Located on the slopes of the Alps, the Sleeping Beauty castle in Disney Land was based on Neuschwanstein.
Peel Castle
   is/was found in   
Isle of Man
Partial ruin now, sited on St Patrick's Isle. Pre Viking era to 18th century when the Lord of Man abandoned it to move inland.
Pembroke Castle
   is/was found in   
Wales
Built by Earl Roger of Montgomery in 1093.
Pendennis Castle
   is/was found in   
England
Coastal protection at Falmouth, Cornwall.
Spitbank Fort
   is/was found in   
England
Completed in 1878 Commissioned by Lord Palmerston and hence it also known as one of the ‘Palmerston Follies’. It was built to defend Portsmouth Harbour.
Suomenlinna
   is/was found in   
Finland
Also known as Viapori (Finnish), or Sveaborg (Swedish), it is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands in Helsinki.
Toruń Fortress
   is/was found in   
Poland
Built in 1872-94 by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Tughlaqabad Fort
   is/was found in   
India
Also known as the Cursed Fortress. Built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq in 1321 AD.
Tuscany Castle
   is/was found in   
Italy
Built around 1610 as the summer residence of the Tuscan royalty.
Vianden Castle
   is/was found in   
Luxembourg
Built between the 11th and 14th centuries on the foundations of a Roman castellum and a Carolingian refuge.
Wartburg Castle
   is/was found in   
Germany
Founded in 1067, the legend says a German duke was captivated by the view of the Alps and decided to build a castle there.
Windsor Castle
   is/was found in   
England
Largest inhabited castle in the world. Inhabited by the Queen.


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