Heresies of Christianity
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Heresy is defined as the rejection of one or more established beliefs of a religious body. Here is a list of some of the heresies of Chalcedonian Christianity and of the Catholic Church.
Proposed by Apollinarius of Laodocia in the Fourth Century
Proposed by Arius, a presbyter from Alexandria, Egypt in the Third Century
Named after a Syrian, Audius from the 4th Century
The second god was entirely disincarnate: a being or principle of pure spirit and completely unsullied by the taint of matter. He was the god of love, order and peace.
That is, Jesus only seemed to have a physical body and to physically die, but in reality he was incorporeal, a pure spirit, and hence could not physically die.
Named for Berber Christian Donatus Magnus
A Christian sect founded in the Fourth Century by Macedonius I, Bishop of Constantinople. This is what prompted the addition of â€œAnd in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son is equally worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets,â€ into the Nicene Creed at the second ecumenical council.
Named for Mani who founded this religion in the Third Century
Originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around 144
As opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ maintains two natures, one divine and one human.
Contrary to the more common Christology that Jesus Christ has two wills (human and divine) corresponding to his two natures.
Named for Nestorius, archbishop of Constantinople in the Fifth Century
Proposed in the Third Century
Named after Pelagius a 4th Century ascetic monk possibly from the British Isles or France.
Attributed to Sabellius a Third Century priest and theologian.
Facts contributed by:
Allan R. Matthes