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Heresies of Christianity

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Heresy is defined as the rejection of one or more established beliefs of a religious body. Here is a list of some of the heresies of Chalcedonian Christianity and of the Catholic Church.

20 facts:

Adoptionism
   is defined as   
Belief That Jesus Was Born Merely Human and That He Became Divine Later in His Life.
Antinomianism
   is defined as   
The Idea There is No Obligation to Obey the Laws of Ethics or Morality As Presented by Religious Authorities
Apollinarism
   is defined as   
Belief That Jesus Had a Human Body and Lower Soul (the Seat of the Emotions) but a Divine Mind.
Proposed by Apollinarius of Laodocia in the Fourth Century
Arianism
   is defined as   
Belief That That the Son of God Did Not Always Exist, but Was Created By, and is Therefore Distinct from and Inferior To, God the Father
Proposed by Arius, a presbyter from Alexandria, Egypt in the Third Century
Audianism
   is defined as   
Belief That God Has Human Form (anthropomorphism) and That One Ought to Celebrate Jesus' Death During the Jewish Passover
Named after a Syrian, Audius from the 4th Century
Catharism
   is defined as   
Belief That the Physical World Was Evil and Created by Rex Mundi Who Encompassed All That Was Corporeal, Chaotic and Powerful
The second god was entirely disincarnate: a being or principle of pure spirit and completely unsullied by the taint of matter. He was the god of love, order and peace.
Docetism
   is defined as   
Belief That Jesus' Physical Body Was an Illusion, As Was His Crucifixion
That is, Jesus only seemed to have a physical body and to physically die, but in reality he was incorporeal, a pure spirit, and hence could not physically die.
Donatism
   is defined as   
Belief That the Church Must Be a Church of Saints Not Sinners
Named for Berber Christian Donatus Magnus
Macedonians
   is defined as   
Belief That the Holy Spirit Was a Creation of the Son, and a Servant of the Father and the Son
A Christian sect founded in the Fourth Century by Macedonius I, Bishop of Constantinople. This is what prompted the addition of “And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son is equally worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets,” into the Nicene Creed at the second ecumenical council.
Manichaeism
   is defined as   
A Major Dualistic Religion Stating That Good and Evil Are Equally Powerful, and That Material Things Are Evil
Named for Mani who founded this religion in the Third Century
Marcionism
   is defined as   
Belief That the Wrathful Hebrew God Was a Separate and Lower Entity Than the All-forgiving God of the New Testament
Originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around 144
Modernism
   is defined as   
Belief in the Evolution of Dogma in Time and Space.
Monarchianism
   is defined as   
Belief of the Indivisibility of God (the Father) at the Expense of the Other Persons of the Trinity.
Monophysitism
   is defined as   
Belief That Christ Has Only One Nature, His Humanity Being Absorbed by His Deity
As opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ maintains two natures, one divine and one human.
Monothelitism
   is defined as   
Belief That Jesus Christ Had Two Natures but Only One Will
Contrary to the more common Christology that Jesus Christ has two wills (human and divine) corresponding to his two natures.
Nestorianism
   is defined as   
Belief That Christ Exists As Two Persons, the Man Jesus and the Divine Son of God, or Logos, Rather Than As Two Natures (True God and True Man) of One Divine Person
Named for Nestorius, archbishop of Constantinople in the Fifth Century
Patripassianism
   is defined as   
Belief That the Father and Son Are Not Two Distinct Persons, and Thus God the Father Suffered on the Cross As Jesus
Proposed in the Third Century
Pelagianism
   is defined as   
Belief That Original Sin Did Not Taint Human Nature and That Mortal Will is Still Capable of Choosing Good or Evil Without Divine Aid
Named after Pelagius a 4th Century ascetic monk possibly from the British Isles or France.
Psilanthropism
   is defined as   
Belief That Jesus is "merely Human": Either That He Never Became Divine, or That He Never Existed Prior to His Incarnation As a Man.
Sabellianism
   is defined as   
Belief That the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Are Three Aspects of One God, Rather Than Three Distinct Persons in One God
Attributed to Sabellius a Third Century priest and theologian.


Facts contributed by:


Allan R. Matthes








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