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Indian State Capitals

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A state in the eastern region of India and surrounded on south, north and west by Bangladesh. The Tripuri (Twipra) Kingdom was merged into India in 1949 and is a land dating back 2500 years with a line of 186 kings. Tripura is named for one of the kings named Tripur. Tripur is 21st in population among the Indian states. It is a hilly region and though landlocked by Bangladesh from the Bay of Bengal it has several rivers flowing through it. It is primarily an agrarian economy producing mostly paddy rice and is the second largest rubber producing state of India.
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A state in northeastern India. it has the highest literacy rate at 91.1% of all the Indian states. 87% of the state's population is Christian including Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, Baptist Church of Mizoram, Seventh Day Adventist, Evangelical Church of Maraland and Pentecostals. The Bnei Menashe are practicing Jews who claim to be descendants of one of the Lost Tribes of Israel.
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A southwestern state of India. formerly known as the state of Mysore until 1973. Kannada is the official and most widely spoken language in this state. Karnataka comes from the Kannada words karu and nādu meaning "elevated land." Bangalore is the anglicised version of Bengalūru in the Kannada language. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India as the leading contributor to IT in India. Also an area of aerospace, telecommunications, software and defence industries.
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Madhya Pradesh
A state in central India. frequently called the Heart of India. in Hindi the names means Central Province. It was the largest state in India until 2000 when Chhattisgarh was carved out of it. It represents great river basins and the watershed of a number of rivers. Soybeans is the predominant crop. Bhopal is the City of Lakes and site of the Union Carbide disaster of 1984. The Indian Space Research Organisation established a Master Control Facility in Ayodhya Nagar, to control the movements of satellites.
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A state on the eastern coast of India. It is a leader in India's Informational Technology outsourcing and IT services. With heavy and regular rainfall it produces two crops of rice annually. Bhubaneswar is known as the temple city of India because of its variety of Hindu Temples. Although its origin are thousands of years old, the modern city of Bhubaneswar was designed by German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946.
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A state in northern India. Haryana means "The abode of God" in Hindi. It is the leading industrialized state of India. Chandigarh serves also as the capital of Punjab.
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A state in northwest India. "Punjab" is a combination of the Persian words 'panj' Five, and 'āb' Water. Its literal meaning is "The Land of the Five Rivers." The five rivers are the Beas, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. Louisiana Governor Piyush "Bobby" Jindal (Rep) is a Punjabi from his father's parental lineage. The first Indian in Outer space is a Punjabi - Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma. The Indian state of Punjab was created in 1947, when the Partition of India split the former Raj province of Punjab between India and Pakistan. Punjab is the one and only place in the world were Sikhism is the main faith.
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Tamil Nadu
A state of India located on the eastern coast of the southern Indian peninsula. It is the eleventh largest state and sixth largest in area. It is home to the Tamils and their ancient language Tamil. Tamil and Sanskrit are designated as "classical languages of India." Tamil Nadu is one of the oldest continuously inhabited regions of India dating back to pre-historic times. Chennai was formerly known as Madras.
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A state in northern India. Formerly called Uttaranchal from 2000 - 2006. Two of India's major rivers the Ganga and Yamuna have their headwaters in Uttaraklhand. In Sanskrit it means North Country or Section. Its northern boundary is in the Greater Himalaya range making it a very mountanous state. With its many religious shrines the state is known as "the abode of the gods." Religious tourism and adventure tourism are major industries.
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A northeastern state of India. Its largest city is Guwahati, one of the first 100 fastest growing city of the world and its 5th fastest growing among Indian cities.
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A state in northwestern India. Gujarat was created in 1960 when the state of Bombay was split into two states. Gandhinagar is one of three planned cities in India. It was named after Mahatma Gandhi.
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A mountainous land locked state in northeast India. The former Kingdom of Sikkim was annexed to India in 1975. It is mostly an agrarian state and is the least populous of the states of India. It is the second smallest state in area. Enchey Monastery is a Buddist monastery located in Gangtok. Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1894.
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Andhra Pradesh
A state in southern India. the "Rice Bowl of India," the 4th largest state in India by area and population
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A state in northeast India. The Polo Ground in Imphal is the oldest polo ground in the world. 'Ima Keithel' at the Kwairamband Bazar, the main marketplace in Imphal is only market in the world where all the stalls are run by women. The Battle of Imphal and Battle of Kohima of 1944 fought simultaneously were the turning point in the Burma Campaign in WWII.
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Arunachal Pradesh
The easternmost state of India. the name of the state means "land of the rising sun". Part of the famous Ledo Burma Road from WWII passes through this state.
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A state in northwest India. It is the largest Indian state in terms of area. It contains most of the Great Indian Desert, the Thar Desert. Jaipur, the capital is made of pink stucco in imitation of sandstone and dub "The Pink City." The major religion is Hindi in this state. The archaeological ruins at Kalibanga, are the oldest in the subcontinent discovered so far. One of the world's oldest mountain ranges is the Aravalli Range.
Jammu and Srinagar
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Jammu and Kashmir
The northernmost state of India. It alternates capitals: Jammu in the winter and Srinagar in the summer. Kashmir comes from two words "ka" meaning water and "shimeera" to desiccate. Thus a land lacking in water. Jammu attracts pilgrims each year to the holy shrines of Amarnath and Vaishno Devi.
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A hilly state in far northeastern India. 90% of this states residents are Christians. 75% of the Christians are Baptists. Dimapur is the largest city in this state. Its name means "the city near the great river." Kohima, the capital is so called because "Kew Hi" is the name of a plant grown on the mountainside. "Kew Hi Ma" means "the men of the land where the flower Kew Hi grows".
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West Bengal
A state in eastern India. Kolkata the capital was formerly called Calcutta. This is the most densely populated Indian state. Bengal was partitioned in 1947 to West Bengal for India and the rest of it to Pakistan. Its main river is The Ganges. Rice is the principle food crop. Jute is the principal cash crop. Its official language is Bengali. Before colonization Bengal was part of the Mughal Empire.
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Uttar Pradesh
A state in northern India. It is 5th in area but 1st in population among all of the states. The city of Agra is a major tourism attraction containing the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. Most of the state is agricultural oriented. Most of India's livestock population is located here. This area has been vital to control for the last 4000 years in controlling ancient and modern India. Eight of the fourteen Indian Prime Ministers come from Uttar Pradesh. These are Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Choudhary Charan Singh, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar and Atal Behari Vajpayee.
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A state in western India. the second largest state by population and the third largest by area. Mumbai formerly known as Bombay is India's most populous city. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the world's 5th most populated metropolitan area. Mumbai is home to Bollywood, the largest film industry in the world. The Indian Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange and many corporate and multinational headquarters are located here.
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A western coastal state of India. Goa was a possession of Portugal for 450 years until 1961. Panaji was known as Pangim under Portuguese rule. It is the smallest Indian state by area.
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A central eastern state of India. It is the birth place of the first president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Bihar is the birthplace of several religions including Buddhism and Jainism. After his return from South Africa in 1917, Mahatma Gandhi started the freedom movement in India by his satyagraha in the Champaran District of Bihar. Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities on Earth. The city has been known by various names during its more than two millennia long existence —Pataligram, Pataliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapura and now Patna. It is located on the south bank of the Ganges River. Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge over the river Ganges connecting Patna in the south to Hajipur in north in Bihar. Its length is 5450 meters. It is one of the longest single river bridges in the world.
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A state in central India. Chhattisgarh takes its name from Chattis meaning 36 in Hindi and Garh meaning fort. It includes 36 princely states that existed since antiquity in this region.
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A state in eastern India. Jharkand means the land of "jhari" meaning shrubs. Jharkhand contains some of the most industrialized cities of India. The largest steel plant in Asia at Bokaro. The first iron and steel factory Jamshedpur. The biggest explosives factory at Gomia.
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A small state in northeastern India. Its name means "The Abode of Clouds" in Sanskrit. It is one of three Indian states with a Christian majority of the population. Most residents follow the traditional matrilineal norm where the "Ka Khadduh" (or the youngest daughter) inherits all the property and acts as the caretaker of aged parents and any unmarried siblings. Presbyterians and Roman Catholics are the major denominations of the Christians in Shillong. Meghalaya is predominately a farming state.
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Himachal Pradesh
A state in northwest India. Himachal Pradesh means "land of snowy mountains." This state has an abundance of perennial rivers and sells hydro-electric power to neighboring states such as Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan.
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A southwestern state of India on the tropical Malabar coast. Thiruvananthapuram means "City of Lord Anantha" in Sanskrit. Anantha is the serpent Shesha on whom Padmanabhan or Vishnu reclines. The city was called Trivandrum in English until 1991. Kerala is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.

Facts contributed by:

Allan R. Matthes

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