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Indigenous People

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The term indigenous peoples can be used to describe any ethnic group of people who inhabit a geographic region with which they have the earliest known historical connection, alongside more recent immigrants who have populated the region. Other related terms for indigenous peoples include aborigines, aboriginal peoples, native peoples, first peoples, first nations, Amerigine, and autochthonous

35 facts:

Abenaki
   people are native to   
Canada
The Abenaki people call themselves Alnôbak, meaning "Real People".
Abenaki
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
A tribe of Native American and First Nations people belonging to the Algonquian peoples of northeastern USA. Members of the Wabanaki Confederacy. The word wigwam originates with this tribe
Adena
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Pre-Columbian Native American culture that existed from 1000 to 200 BC
Adivasis
   people are native to   
India
An umbrella term for a heterogeneous set of ethnic and tribal groups believed to be the aboriginal population of India.
Ainu
   people are native to   
Japan
An ethnic group indigenous to Hokkaidō, the Kuril Islands
Aleut
   people are native to   
Russia
The indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, United States and Kamchatka Krai, Russia.
Aleut
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Great skill in hunting sea mammals
Apache
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
The collective term for several culturally related groups of Native Americans in the United States originally from the American Southwest.
Atayal
   people are native to   
Taiwan
Also known as the Tayal and the Tayan. The meaning of Atayal is "genuine person" or "brave man."
Aztecs
   people are native to   
Mexico
Dominated northern Mexico at the time of Cortez. The Aztec empire in the 15th century was only surpassed by the Incas in North America
Bhils
   people are native to   
India
The native tribes of Central India
Bubi
   people are native to   
Equatorial Guinea
Members of the Bantu group, who are indigenous to Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.
Bunun
   people are native to   
Taiwan
Best-known for their sophisticated polyphonic vocal music. Lands in the mountainous central region of Taiwan. They have five distinct sub-tribes: the Takbunuaz, the Takituduh, the Takibaka, the Takivatan, and the Isbukun.
Cherokee
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Largest Native American group in the United States. originally from the Southeastern United States (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia). Linguistically, they are connected to speakers of the Iroquoian language family. The Cherokee refer to themselves as 'Tsa-la-gi' meaning 'Principal People'
Cheyenne
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Joined the Sioux to defeat Custer. They were consequently defeated and removed to Oklahoma
Choctaw
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States (Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana). They are of the Muskogean linguistic group.
Comanche
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Native American ethnic group whose range (the Comancheria) consisted of present-day eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas. Originally, the Comanches were hunters and gatherers, with a typical Plains Indian culture.
Cree
   people are native to   
Canada
The Cree are generally divided into 8 major groups: Naskapi, Montagnais, Attikamekw, James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woods Cree and Plains Cree. However, among the Cree, they usually referred to themselves collectively as Nēhilawē (those who speak our language); they called themselves "Cree" only when speaking English or French.[
Cree
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
One of the largest group of indigenous peoples in North America, located mainly across Canada and historically in the United States from Minnesota westward but are found today in Montana.
Dakota (Sioux)
   people are native to   
Canada
Today, the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations, communities, and reserves in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and also in Manitoba and southern Saskatchewan in Canada.
Dakota (Sioux)
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Tribe of Sitting Bull. Had a great victory at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
Degar
   people are native to   
Vietnam
Central Highlands of Vietnam. The term Montagnard means "mountain people" in French and is a carryover from the French colonial period in Vietnam. In Vietnamese, they are known by the term thượng (highlanders)
Gunai
   people are native to   
Australia
Live in the area of Southeastern Victoria. Made up of five major clans.
Hopi
   people are native to   
The U.S.A.
Primarily live on the 12,635 km² (2,531.773 sq mi) Hopi Reservation in northeastern Arizona. The Hopi Reservation is entirely surrounded by the much larger Navajo Reservation.
Kalkadoon
   people are native to   
Australia
Live in the area around Mount Isa in Western Queensland. 200 were massacred at Battle Mountain in 1884
Kayapo
   people are native to   
Brazil
Found in the plain lands of the Mato Grosso and Para in Brazil, south of the Amazon Basin and along Rio Xingu and its tributaries.
Mi'kmaq
   people are native to   
Canada
Aborigines of Nova Scotia, Canada. The Mi'kmaq called themselves L'nu'k, meaning "the people". Indigenous to northeastern New England, Canada's Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec.
Ngunnawal
   people are native to   
Australia
Indigenous Australian inhabitants whose traditional lands encompass much of the area now occupied by the city of Canberra, Australia and the surrounding Australian Capital Territory. They speak the Ngunawal language. The name of Australia’s capital city comes from their language. “Kambera”
Noongar
   people are native to   
Australia
They live in the south-west corner of Western Australia from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast. Tribal chief Yagan was beheaded as one of the first aboriginal freedom fighters. His head was delivered to Britain by Ensign Robert Dale
Ogoni
   people are native to   
Nigeria
One of the many indigenous peoples in the Niger Delta region of southeast Nigeria. They number about a half million people and live in a homeland which they also refer to as Ogoni, or Ogoniland.
Pila Nguru
   people are native to   
Australia
The Spinifex people, or Pila Nguru, are an Indigenous Australian people, whose traditional lands are situated in the Great Victoria Desert. They may have been exposed to dangerous radiation during nuclear testing in the 1950’s
Quiche (Utlateca)
   people are native to   
Guatemala
Principal aboriginal tribe of Guatemala. Their ancient traditions are recorded in the Quiche language in the “Popol Vuh”
Quw'utsun'
   people are native to   
Canada
Inhabited southern British Columbia for more than 4500 years. Made up of seven tribes
Santal
   people are native to   
India
Largest tribal community in India, found mainly in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, and Orissa. These native groups also comprise a significant Santal minority in neighboring Bangladesh.
Tainui
   people are native to   
New Zealand
The Waikato iwi (tribe) has been using the name "Tainui" to describe itself for some time, through the establishment of the Tainui Māori Trust Board in 1946, with many people now referring to the Waikato iwi as "Tainui" or "Waikato-Tainui". The Waikato iwi is based in the Waikato region


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