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Instruments in an Orchestra

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The Bass Clarinet
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A single reed musical instrument that plays at an octave below the B-flat clarinet.
The Bass Drum
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. three types include the concert bass drum, the 'kick' drum, and the pitched bass drum.
The Bassoon
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A double reed instrument that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. it is called "das Fagott" in German, "il fagotto" in Italian, "el fagot" in Spanish, and "le basson" in French.
The Bass Trombone
   is a member of the   
Brass Section
A musical instument pitched in B-flat which is identical in length to a tenor trombone but having a wider bore to aid in the production of a fuller, weightier tone in the low register and one or two valves to lower the key 12' F, G, G flat, E, E flat or D.
The Cello
   is a member of the   
Strings Section
Formally known as the violoncello. it is a bowed string instrument. violoncello means "little violone" refering to a little bass violin. It has been described as the instrument sounding closest to the human voice. It is the lowest pitched member of the violin family in an orchestra.
The Clarinet
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A single reed musical instrument. the most common type of clarinet is the B-flat clarinet which is a soprano clarinet. Other types include Piccolo clarinet, basset clarinet, basset horn, alto clarinet, bass clarinet, contra-alto clarinet and contrabass clarinet.
The Contrabassoon
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A double reed instrument. it is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. also know as the double bassoon.
The Cymbals
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
An instrument made of thin round plates made from bell bronze, malleable bronze, brass and nickel silver.
The Double Bass
   is a member of the   
Strings Section
The largest and lowest pitched bowed string instrument used in the modern symphony orchestra. played either with a bow (arco) or by plucking the strings (pizzicato). made from several types of wood: maple for the back, spruce for the top, ebony for the fingerboard.
The English Horn
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A double reed transposing musical instrument pitched in the key of F. also known as "cor anglais".
The Flute
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A transverse side-blown musical instrument made of metal. comes in various types including alto flutes, bass flutes, contra-alto flutes, contrabass flutes, double contrabass flutes, hyperbass flute. most are tuned to the key of C.
The French Horn
   is a member of the   
Brass Section
Musical instrument made of metal usually pitched in the key of F. a brass instument produces tone by vibration of the lips as the player blows into a tubular resonator. also called labrosones, literally meaning "lip-vibrated instruments".
The Glockenspiel
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A metal musical instrument similar to the xylophone consisting of tuned bars laid out in a fashion resembling a piano keyboard. much smaller and higher in pitch than a xylophone. glockenspiel means "play of bells" in German.
The Gong
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A musical instrument that takes the form of a flat metal disc which is hit with a mallet. An East Asian instrument coming in various forms including suspended gongs, chau gongs, bossed gongs, nipple gongs, opera gongs, pasi gongs, tiger gongs, wind gongs and Sheng Kwong gong.
The Harp
   is a member of the   
Strings Section
A stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. A harp is normally plucked or strummed by hand.
The Marimba
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A musical instrument where keys or bars, usually made of wood are struck with mallets to produce musical tones.
The Oboe
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A double reed musical instrument. In English prior to 1770, the instrument was called "hautbois", "hoboy", or "French hoboy" (haut meaning high or loud) (bois meaning wood or woodwind). The name "oboe" was adopted from the Italian "oboè" around 1770.
The Piccolo
   is a member of the   
Woodwind Section
A small flute normally pitched in the key of C.
The Snare Drum
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire, metal cable, plastic cable, or gut cords stretched across the bottom head.
The Tambourine
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A musical instrument consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils". types of tambourines are the "pandeiro", a Brazilian hand percussion instrument consisting of a single tension-headed drum with jingles in the frame. The "riq" (also spelled riqq or rik) is a type of tambourine used as a traditional instrument in Arabic music. A "buben" consists of a wooden or metal hoop with a tight membrane stretched over one of its sides. A "dayereh" (or Doyra, Dojra, Dajre, Doira) is a medium-sized frame drum with jingles used to accompany both popular and classical music in Iran (Persia), The Balkans, and many Central Asian countries.
The Tenor Drum
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A cylindrical drum which is higher pitched than a bass drum in an orchestra it is a low-pitched variant of the snare drum.
The Timpani
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A type of drum consisting of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl commonly made of copper. also known as kettle drums. They are drums producing a definite pitch when struck and can be tuned using a pedal.
The Triangle
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
An idiophone type of musical instrument . an idiophone is a musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes. a triangle is a bar of metal, usually steel, bent into a triangular shape.
The Trombone
   is a member of the   
Brass Section
A musical instrument having a a telescopic slide with which the player varies the length of the tube to change pitches. Most common types are tenor and bass trombones. other types include contrabass trombone, alto trombone, soprano trombone, sopranino and piccolo trombone, valve trombone and superbone (having both a slide and valves).
The Trumpet
   is a member of the   
Brass Section
A musical instrument with the highest register in the brass section. the most common type is the B-flat trumpet. other types include C, D, E-flat, E, F, G and A trumpets.
The Tubular Bells
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A musical instrument consisting of a series of metal tubes of varying lengths ranging in C4 (middle C ) to F5 in tone. the tubes are struck with a plastic headed or rawhide hammer.
The Viola
   is a member of the   
Strings Section
A bowed string instrument and the middle voice of the violin family between the violin and the cello. the viola is a perfect fifth below the violin.
The Violin
   is a member of the   
Strings Section
A bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. it is the smallest and highest pitch member of the violin family.
The Wood Block
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A small piece of slit drum made from a single piece of wood struck with a stick, making a characteristically percussive sound.
The Xylophone
   is a member of the   
Percussion Section
A musical instrument consisting of wooden bars of various lengths that are struck by plastic, wooden, or rubber mallets. xylophone is from Greek words ξύλο (wood) and φωνή (voice), meaning 'wooden sound'.


Facts contributed by:


Allan R. Matthes








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