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New Zealand Currency

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22 facts:

$1 Coin
   has   
A Kiwi
New Zealand’s national bird. The kiwi is flightless. The $1 coin replaced the $1 note in 1991.
$1 Note
   has   
A Fantail/piwakawaka
A small bird with a distinctive fan-shaped tail. This note was withdrawn in 1991.
1c Coin
   has   
A Fern Leaf
This fern has a distinctive silver back and is used as an emblem for many New Zealand sports teams including the All Blacks. This coin was withdrawn in 1989.
$2 Coin
   has   
The Kotuku/white Heron
One of New Zealand’s rarest birds. The $2 coin replaced the $2 note in 1991.
$2 Note
   has   
A Rifleman
A small native bird. This note was withdrawn in 1991.
2c Coin
   has   
Two Kowhai Flowers
A beautiful yellow flower. This coin was withdrawn in 1989.
$5 Note
   has   
A Hoiho/yellow-eyed Penguin
Back. Unique to NZ and one of the world’s rarest penguins. Part of a Campbell Island scene.
$5 Note
   has   
Sir Edmund Hillary
Front. A New Zealand explorer (1919 - 2008). He was the first person to climb Mt. Everest in 1953 and to drive overland (by tractor) across Antarctica to the South Pole in 1958. The note also features Mt Cook/Aoraki NZ’s highest mountain & a Massey Ferguson tractor.
5c Coin
   has   
A Tuatara
New Zealand lizard sometimes called a living fossil. This coin was withdrawn in 2006.
$10 Coin
   has   
Discovery of Gold in Gabriel’s Gully
Commemorative coin released in 1997. Legal tender but did not enter circulation.
$10 Note
   has   
Kate Sheppard
Front. A prominent leader in the campaign to get New Zealand women the vote (1848 - 1934). In 1893 New Zealand became the first country in the world to give woman the vote.
$10 Note
   has   
A Whio/blue Duck
Back. An endangered species. Part of a river scene.
10c Coin
   has   
A Koruru/Maori Carved Mask
Changed to a smaller, lighter coin in 2006 but the same design was kept.
$20 Note
   has   
A Karearea/New Zealand Falcon
Back. Sometimes called the bush hawk. Part of a New Zealand alpine scene.
$20 Note
   has   
Queen Elizabeth II
Front. Also features two of the three NZ parliament buildings including the Beehive, so-called because of its distinctive shape.
20c Coin
   has   
A Maori ‘pukaki’ Carving
This was changed from the kiwi in 1990 because the kiwi design was used on the new $1 coin. Changed to a smaller, lighter coin in 2006 but the same design was kept. Has a distinctive ‘Spanish flower’ design edging.
$50 Note
   has   
A Kokako/blue Wattled Crow
Back. Grey native bird with black face mask and blue wattles. Part of a conifer broadleaf forest scene.
$50 Note
   has   
Sir Apirana Ngata
Front. First Maori to graduate from university, he was a member of parliament for 38 years and did much to revive Maori culture (1874 - 1950).
50c Coin
   has   
The Barque Endeavour
Captained by James Cook, the first European to discover New Zealand (Abel Tasman was the first European to sight New Zealand but did not land). Changed to a smaller, lighter coin in 2006 but the same design was kept.
$100 Note
   has   
Ernest, Lord Rutherford of Nelson
Front. Scientist often referred to as the ‘Father of nuclear physics’. Amongst other accomplishments he explained naturally occurring radiation and determined the structure of the atom. The note also features the Noble prize for chemistry medal won by Rutherford in 1908.
$100 Note
   has   
A Yellowhead/mohua
Back. Also known as the bush canary. Part of a beech forest scene. $100 is the highest denomination in New Zealand currency.
$150 Coin
   has   
A Kiwi and Fern Leaf
Commemorative coin released in 1990 for the sesquicentennial of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (February 6th 1840). Legal tender but did not enter circulation.


Facts contributed by:


JMK








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