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This, his 2nd opera, was left incomplete at the death of Berg
Considered an atonal opera, but has several sections that sound more or less tonal
Borodin left the opera incomplete at his death in 1887
3-act opera based on Goethe's story "Wilhelm Meister's Lehrjahre"
Most famous example of the Italian genre of "Grande Opera" based on "Angelo" by Victor Hugo
Based on Wallace Stegner's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel
Opera was not performed in the composer's lifetime
Based on the Faust legend, it is the only completed opera of Boito
This second opera of eight by Smetana is a comedy
Comic chamber opera written as a companion piece for "The Rape of Lucretia"
Based on the Herman Melville novel; first performed in London in December, 1951
Britten's last opera, 1973
Britten's estranged collaborator, WH Auden dismissed it as "dreadful-pure Kensington"
The first of Britten's operas to be a critical and popular success (1945)
One-act opera lasts only a little over one hour
Premiered in 1961; libretto based on the story by Nikos Kazantzakis
Delilah is one of the great roles for mezzo-soprano
Considered the first important German Romantic opera
Based upon Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor"
According to "Opera America" it is the 18th most-performed opera in North America
5-act opera first performed at the Theatre Lyrique in Paris in 1867
Ballad opera written by John Gay but the music was probably arranged by Pepusch
The second "reform opera" of Gluck after Orfeo ed Ueridice
Its premier sparked a huge controversy between "Gluckists" and "Piccinnists"
First to emphasize drama over the star singers, it did away with dry recitative
Debussy wrote only about 30 minutes of the opera (unfinished)
Called an "impressionist" opera, based on the symbolist play by Maeterlinck
Known for its role in the history of censorship by the Communist Party in 1936
First performed in 1990; scenes from the life of Vincent van Gogh
Often performed at Christmas time
Title role is a favorite of sopranos
Story takes place during the French Revolution
Romantic muscial comedy or operetta from which comes "The Merry Widow Waltz"
Based on the ballet "Lady Henrieete" by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges
Featuring nine high C's, it's often called the "Mount Everest" for tenors
An "opera buffa" or comic opera in three acts
A melodramma giocoso, a genre of Italian comic opera
One of the leading "bel canto" operas
An "opera seria" in three acts about the mother of Nero
Composed for Handel's first season at the Covent Garden Theatre in London
The Italian libretto is anonymous and based on a work by Antonio Salvi
Considered Handel's finest Italian opera
Fashioned for presentation "in the manner of an oratorio"
Considered Handel's most "Mozartian" opera
Conceived as an American folk opera, it is considered racist by some
Considered "immoral" and "superficial" it was considered a failure at its premier in 1875
Features the famous tenor-baritone duet "Au fond du temple saint"
Hard to cast, having seven leading roles
"Gianni Schicchi", the most-popular 3rd act, is a comedic farce
Toscanini's performance (1946) is the only recording of a Puccini opera led by its original conductor
Bears some resemblance to Webber's "Phantom of the Opera"
The most often-performed opera in North America
Puccini's 3rd opera and his first great success
Eighth most performed opera in North America
Left unfinished at the composer's death and completed by Franco Alfano
First opera composed for television, 1951
Fifth most performed opera in North America
Comic opera based on the fairy tale Cinderella
Notable for its mixing of "opera seria" style in "opera buffa"
Notable for its use of snare drums (in the overture)
NOT written to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal
First performance at the Paris Opera in March 1867
An "operatic dramma lirico" in four acts
Verdi's last opera (1893)
17th most performed opera in North America
Many old school Italian singers felt the opera was cursed and brought bad luck
Third most-performed opera in North America behind Madame Butterfly and La Boheme
Features a large female chorus of witches singing in 3-part harmony
"Va, pensiero, sull'ali dorate" is its best-known number
In Otello, Verdi tried to do away with the traditional recitative-aria structure of opera
Based on a play by Hugo, it is the ninth most-performed opera in North America
Based on the play by Antonio Gutierrez
"A Masked Ball", set in Boston; composed, 1857-8 and first performed 17 Feb. 1859, Teatro Apollo, Rome
Depicts Parisian working-class life circa 1900
The composer's only opera; 1975-77, revised version, 1996
Updating of the story of Manon Lescaut (operas by Massenet and Puccini)
Opera in five acts to his own libretto after Virgil's "Aeneid"
Remembered as one of Purcell's foremost operatic works, no score in his hand exists
Based loosely on 8 paintings of William Hogarth, first performed in 1951
Source of the famous "Can-Can"
Most famous piece is "Barcarolle" from the third act and featured in the movie "Life Is Beautiful"
Premiered in San Francisco, 2000
Despite being an operetta, it is among the top twenty most performed "operas" in North America
Premiered by the San Francisco Opera in 2005
The opera was conceived by its director (Peter Sellars) and Adams was initially resistant to the idea.
Popular example of "opera comique" of the Parisian Belle Epoque
Role of the heroine, Esclarmonde, is notoriously difficult to sing
Based on the German novella "The Sorrows of Young Werther" by J Wolfgang von Goethe
(1930) A political-satirical opera with a German libretto by Bertolt Brecht
Most famous for its popular overture often performed alone as a concert piece
At the composer's request, the final scene was performed at his funeral in 1928
Janacek's last opera, it premiered two years after his death on April 12, 1930
A grim story of infanticide and redemption
Opera in three acts based on the play, The Storm by Aleksandr Ostrovsky
Originally a play by Karel Capek; it was turned into an opera by Janacek in 1925
Most famous excerpt is "The Flower Duet" used in The Simpsons, Nip/Tuck, and a popular British Airways commercial
Beethoven's only opera, it is the central work of his so-called "middle period"
Based on Homer's "Iliad" with Tippett's own libretto (1962)
First performed, 1985; influenced by the verse drama of TS Eliot
Mussorgsky's only completed opera, it is considered his masterpiece
Setting is the Moscow Uprising of 1682; Rimsky-Korsakov finished the opera after Mussorgsky's death
Based on the Thornton Wilder play; first performed 2006
Almost exclusively sung in Russian
It was the composer's own favorite work
Chamber opera based on the Kafka story of the same name
2003 operatic adaptation of the David Henry Hwang play of the same name
Ushered in the "Verismo" movement in Italian operatic music, its premier caused a great sensation in Europe
Well-known example of lyric opera, based on the novel by Alexander Pushkin
Main hero demands a singer with much skill and endurance. It's about gambling addiction
Libretto by Harold Child; 1909-1910
Based on John Bunyan's allegory
Appearance of 'Fantasy on Greensleaves'
A reworking of the Greek myth of Ariadne and Bacchus
Takes place in the 1740's, in the first years of the reign of Empress Maria Therese in Vienna
Considered to be Strauss' finest operatic work, but it is rarely produced
One-act opera premiered in 1909
Famous for its "Dance of the Seven Veils", infamous at the time of its release
Wagner took 26 years to write it (1848-1874)
Requires around five hours to perform
It was written to be performed without an intermission
Famous for the Bridal Chorus known as "Here Comes the Bride"
Wagner called it "A Festival Play for the Consecration of the Stage"
The revised "Paris version" is the most frequently performed today
Liszt made several piano transcriptions of the opera
Famous tragedy of a jealous husband in a clown troupe
Libretto by Franco Zeffirelli based on Shakespeare's play; premiered in 1966 at the opening of the new Metropolitan Opera House
The opera was never performed during the composer's lifetime
After the story of the same name by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The "March" is a popular orchestral selection
Premiered by the Met, 2006
English composer; first performed, 2004
After the novel by Émil Zola -- Tobias Picker, American, b. 1954
Features "Come un bel di di Maggio"
Story is set near Plymouth, during the wars between Cromwell and the House of Stuart
"The Sleepwalker" is an "opera semiseria" based on a vaudeville by Eugene Scribe
In the 20th century only a small number of sopranos were able to master the role of Amina
Libretto by Gertrude Stein
Libretto by Gertrude Stein
The Emperor complained, "There are too many notes." Mozart replied, "There are just as many notes as there should be."
Often translated, "Women are like that"
Seventh most performed opera in North America
Mozart's first mature "opera seria"
Known for its prominent Masonic elements
A sequel to "The Barber of Seville"
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