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Space Flights - Crews

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39 facts:

Apollo 1
   was crewed by   
Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee
Fire erupted on the launchpad on January 27, 1967, killing the crew.
Apollo 4
   was crewed by   
November 9, 1967. Unmanned test of the Saturn V booster.
Apollo 5
   was crewed by   
January 22, 1968. Unmanned test of the Saturn IB booster and Lunar Module.
Apollo 6
   was crewed by   
April 4, 1968. Unmanned Test of the Saturn V booster.
Apollo 7
   was crewed by   
Walter Schirra, Donn Eisele and Walter Cunningham
Launched October 11, 1968. First manned Apollo flight, first manned flight of the Saturn IB.
Apollo 8
   was crewed by   
Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders
Launched December 21, 1968. First manned flight around the Moon, first manned flight of the Saturn V.
Apollo 9
   was crewed by   
James McDivitt, David Scott and Rusty Schweickart
Launched March 3, 1969. First manned flight of the Lunar Module.
Apollo 10
   was crewed by   
Thomas Stafford, John Young and Eugene Cernan
Launched May 18, 1969. First manned flight of the Lunar Module around the Moon.
Apollo 11
   was crewed by   
Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin
Launched July 16, 1969. First manned landing on the Moon, July 20.
Apollo 12
   was crewed by   
Pete Conrad, Richard Gordon and Alan Bean
Launched November 14, 1969. Recovered part of Surveyor 3 probe.
Apollo 13
   was crewed by   
Jim Lovell, Jack Swigert and Fred Haise
Launched April 11, 1970. Oxygen tank exploded en route, forcing cancellation of landing. Drama made into a film
Apollo 14
   was crewed by   
Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa and Edgar Mitchell
Launched January 31, 1971. Alan Shepard plays golf on the Moon.
Apollo 15
   was crewed by   
David Scott, Alfred Worden and James Irwin
Launched July 26, 1971. First mission with the Lunar Rover vehicle.
Apollo 16
   was crewed by   
John Young, Ken Mattingly and Charles Duke
Launched April 16, 1972. First landing in the lunar highlands.
Apollo 17
   was crewed by   
Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans and Harrison Schmitt
Launched December 7, 1972. Schmitt was a geologist. Eugene Cernan was the last man to stand on the Moon.
Aurora 7
   was crewed by   
M. Scott Carpenter
May 24, 1962 -- 4 hour 56 minute flight -- Second American to orbit the Earth -- He landed 400km beyond the target -- first study of liquids in weightlessness -- "fireflies" seen by John Glenn previously were found to be ice crystals on the capsule as they broke off
Faith 7
   was crewed by   
L. Gordon Cooper Jr
May 15 - May 16, 1963 -- 34 hrs 19 minute flight -- First US flight exceeding 24 hours -- 22 Orbits -- 2nd Pacific Ocean landing near Midway Island -- Cooper had to use some manual techniques to prepare for reentry when original system failed on orbits 19, 20 and 21
Freedom 7
   was crewed by   
Alan B. Shepard Jr.
May 5 1961 -- 15 minute flight -- 1st US Human Space Flight, Suborbital Mission -- first astronaut, American or Russian to return to Earth in his ship
Friendship 7
   was crewed by   
John H. Glenn Jr
February 20, 1962 -- 4 hour 55 minute flight -- First American to orbit the Earth -- Three Orbits -- Glenn endures a 45 minute night in orbit number 1 and sees "fireflies" outside his window
Gemini 3
   was crewed by   
Virgil "Gus" Grissom and John W. Young
March 23, 1965 -- 3 Orbits -- 3 hours 55 minutes -- John Young smuggled a corned beef sandwich on to the flight which he gave to Gus Grissom to eat.
Gemini IV
   was crewed by   
James A. McDivitt and Edward H. White II
June 3 - June 7, 1965 -- 62 Orbits -- 97 hours 56 minutes -- Ed White made the first space walk lasting 20 minutes
Gemini IX-A
   was crewed by   
Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene A. Cernan
June 3 - June 6, 1966 -- 45 Orbits -- 72 hours 20 minutes -- Eugene Cernan spends 128 minutes outside the spacecraft
Gemini VII
   was crewed by   
Frank Borman and James A. Lovell Jr.
December 4 - December 18, 1965 -- 206 Orbits -- 330 hours 35 minutes -- longest space flight, 14 days and designed to test the effects of prolonged flight on astronauts -- conducted 20 experiments, the most of any Gemini flight
Gemini VIII
   was crewed by   
Neil A. Armstrong and David R. Scott
March 16, 1966 -- 6.5 Orbits -- 10 hours 41 minutes -- during docking with the Agena Target Vehicle, Apollo VII began a rolling spin that forced the astronauts to immediately start reentry plans to stop this spin which could have caused them to black out.
Gemini VI
   was crewed by   
Walter M. Schirra Jr. and Thomas P. Stafford
December 15 - December 16, 1965 -- 16 Orbits -- 25 hours 51 minutes -- Gemini VI and Gemini VII space rendevous December 15 but never touched -- stayed in close proximity for 5 hours
Gemini V
   was crewed by   
L. Gordon Cooper Jr. and Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr.
August 21 - August 29, 1965 -- 120 Orbits -- 190 hours 55 minutes -- using fuel cells Gemini V was able to double the flight duration to 8 days which would be the time required to fly to the Moon in the Apollo Missions
Gemini XI
   was crewed by   
Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr. and Richard F. Gordon Jr.
September 12 - September 15, 1966 -- 44 Orbits -- 71 hours 17 minutes -- first totally computer controlled reentry -- highest orbit of 1374 km ever achieved by an American manned space flight
Gemini XII
   was crewed by   
James A. Lovell Jr. and Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.
November 11 - November 15, 1966 -- 59 Orbits -- 94 hours 34 minutes -- Buzz Aldrin conducts a 2 hour and 29 minute tethered space walk
Gemini X
   was crewed by   
John W. Young and Michael Collins
July 18 - July 21, 1966 -- 43 Orbits -- 70 hours 46 minutes -- Michael Collins has two space walks on this flight 49 minutes on July 19 and 39 minutes on July 20, 1966
Liberty Bell 7
   was crewed by   
Virgil "Gus" Grissom
July 21, 1961 -- 16 minute flight -- 2nd US Human Space Flight, Suborbital Mission -- capsule sank to a depth of 2800 fathoms after landing, astronaut was safe -- Liberty Bell 7 was recovered July 20, 1999 from a depth of 15,000 ft and 550 km southeast of Cape Canaveral Florida
Sigma 7
   was crewed by   
Walter M. Schirra Jr.
October 3, 1962 -- 9 hours 13 minutes flight -- 6 orbit flight -- Wally Schirra made the first live broadcast from an American spacecraft to TV and radio listeners on Earth -- first splashdown in the Pacific Ocean
Soyuz TM-12
   was crewed by   
Helen Sharman, Anatoly Artsebarsky and Sergei Krikalev
On MAy 26, 1991, Helen Sharman became the first Brit in space.
Sputnik 2
   was crewed by   
First dog in space. Name means 'Barker'. Ended up in the great kennel in the sky.
Vostok 1
   was crewed by   
Yuri Gagarin
First manned spaceflight.
Vostok 2
   was crewed by   
Gherman Titov
First full day in space.
Vostok 3
   was crewed by   
Andrian Nikolayev
Launches a day before Vostok 4
Vostok 4
   was crewed by   
Pavel Popovich
Was in space with Vostok 3. They came within 5km of each other.
Vostok 5
   was crewed by   
Valery Bykovsky
Longest solo mission to date at five days.
Vostok 6
   was crewed by   
Valentina Tereshkova
First woman in space.

Facts contributed by:

Allan R. Matthes

guinness john

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