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One of the arcs that exist at each end of the ground, 50m from the goal line
Applied by umpires to a number of different infractions when a free kick or mark has already been paid.
The top pitcher on a team
Another term for a hole-in-one
A play where one player serves and the other one watches.
Another term for a double eagle, or 3-under par on any one hole. Albatross is used most commonly in the U.K.
A question to the umpire to ask if a batsman is out or what many people can't see about cricket.
The borders of the green.
Refers to a position on the field. The backline consists of 3 defenders, one in the left back pocket, one in the right back pocket, and one at full-back.
The backline consists of the centre wings and fullback. These are usually the fastest players on the field and gain the most metres
Refers to a position on the field deep in defence.
An illegal motion by the pitcher
Describes a method of restarting play at a neutral contest after a stoppage within the field of play.
The duo of the pitcher and the catcher
A ball which goes directly at a batsman's head without bouncing. Illegal. Just not cricket.
Worth 1 point, a behind is a kicked attempt at goal that has missed going between the centre posts, goes between the two outer scoring zones, touches a post itself, or has been touched in flight by a player. A behind can also be scored when the ball is tapped or punched through a scoring zone.
A score on an individual hole that is one stroke below par. On a par-4, a score of 3 is a birdie; on a par-5, a score of 4 is a birdie.
A defence where one or more linebackers try to sack the quarterback rather than remaining behind the line of scrimmage.
A rush defence designed to stifle the opposition.
One over par. "Just call me sweetheart."
An offensive play where the quarterback fakes a hand-off and then moves in the opposite direction to the dummy runner.
A short pitched ball that bounces up to the batsman's head.
The method of re-starting play.
Where golfers get to have a little break to play in the sand. A "bunker" is a hazard that is a hole or depression that has been filled in with sand. Golf balls seem to be attracted sand like iron filings to a magnet.
A legal hit where the batter doesn't swing.
Extra runs scored when the ball goes past batsman and wicket-keeper and the batsmen run for it.
Refers to a position in the half-back line of a football field.
Refers to a position on the half-forward line of a football field. The directly opposing player is a Centre-Half-Back.
A minor penalty unless the victim doesn't get up.
Kicking style used in Australian Rules which bends away from the body and is usually used when a set shot for goal is lined up on a narrow angle.
A move in Australian Rules Football in which a player locks an opponent's arm so that he or she cannot legally move the ball.
A left-handed bowler bowling wrist spin. Clear?
Refers to a turnover or a mistake made by a player. Its official but vague description in statistical tables is "errors including frees against".
A goal that is scored by delivering the ball from one end of the oval to the other and scoring a goal, without the opposing team touching the ball.
A kick at goal after a try or when a player moves from league to union.
One way to hit your opponent with your stick. Only a minor penalty.
A point in a golf tournament where the worst players are discarded.
A single, double, triple and homer in the same game is to "hit for the cycle"
A score of 40 all or 3 all, depending on which way you look at it.
When a player either kicks (including from the ground) or handballs the football.
A variety of spin delivery.
The basic unit of play within the game.
The series of plays a team puts together in an attempt to score.
Dribbling toward the basket; also called a dribble drive.
Usually refers to shots hit with a driver, 3-wood or 1-iron or driving iron; shots hit with lesser clubs (a 3-iron, for example) might be called a "tee shot" rather than a drive.
A type of kick that involves a player dropping the ball and then kicking it when it bounces off the ground.
The act of leaving the puck behind for a teammate following to pick up.
A type of kick where the ball is held vertically, and dropped and kicked before it hits the ground, resulting in the ball spinning backwards end over end.
When a batsman is out without scoring. If it happens on the first ball, it's called a "Golden Duck".
Or slam dunk if you want to be dramatic.
A score of two strokes below par on any individual hole. Eagles are most commonly made on par-5s, where an eagle is a score of 3. An hole-in-one on a par-3 is technically also an eagle, but is never referred to as such.
The scoring area at each end of the field of play
A goon who's on your team mainly so you don't have to play against him.
Runs awarded to the batting team which aren't attributed to any individual batsman.
The start of play. Or the result of some particularly vicious slashing.
A legally hit ball that settles on fair territory.
Any basket scored whilst the ball is in play.
A tactic that involves the coach releasing players in the forward line from their set positions and directing them to the opposition forward area, congesting the area and making it more difficult for the opposition to score.
A term used to describe the ruckman, ruck rover and rover because they have traditionally been used as players that follow the ball all around the ground, as opposed to playing in a set position
A warning shouted by golfers, who don't seem to like the word "Duck!"
Refers to a set of attacking positions on the field.
A play where the ball is thrown forward (usually by the quarterback). A forward pass cannot be made once the ball has passed the line of scrimmage.
A foul where the ball is passed forward. The clue's in the name.
Refers to a position on the field deep in offense.
A type of competition for four golfers. Important not to mix four ball and match player.
Refers to the ball bowled after a no-ball in One Day Internationals or Twenty 20 where the batsman can't be out except by run out.
Any kick made to put the ball back into play, such as a kickoff.
A penalty awarded by a field umpire to a player who marks a ball (catches a kick that travels 15 metres), has been infringed by an opponent or is the nearest player to a player from the opposite team who has broken a rule.
A position in the offensive backfield
A position has traditionally been a purely defensive role, with the aim of preventing the full-forward from marking the ball and scoring.
A position behind the main line of backs
A defender playing in a wide position
A position behind the main line of backs
A position in Australian rules football and Gaelic football with a key focus on kicking goals.
The act of losing the ball whilst carrying it or a description of the lost ball.
A ball that doesn't bounce as much as expected and "goes under" the bat.
Usually describes a forward player, particularly a player in a forward pocket, who is small and nimble.
A variety of spin delivery.
A warning given for a minor rules violation which has nothing to do with Andie MacDowell.
A ball hit along the ground.
The act of touching the ball to the ground in the goal area.
A shot made after the ball bounces.
A type of kick which results in the ball moving erratically along the ground.
Used to describe the usually sleeveless shirt worn by Australian rules football players
A long, long pass where the quarterback might as well start praying.
Refers to the positions of the 3 players on the field that occupy the centre-half back and left and right half-back flank positions.
Refers to a position on the field of play consisting of a left and right half-forward flank player, as well as a centre half-forward.
Describes a method of disposing of possession of the football by hand. It is the most frequently used alternative to kicking the ball.
Illegal use of arms or hands
A foul where you wave your stick at an opponent's head.
A law in Australian Rules Football which is necessary to prevent players from slowing down play. Instead of the umpire having to bounce the ball (which gives either team an opportunity to win possession), it allows the defence a way to take possession directly from the attacking team.
A play in which the batter goes around all bases and back home without stopping.
A golf shot that curves to the left for a right-handed golfer
Illegal use of the stick to impede an opponent.
The actions of moving the ball backwards with your feet in a scrum. What a hooker does.
A rare thing in ice hockey: a foul which doesn't involve physical violence.
Term used to describe a team position in Australian rules football, also often known as "the bench". Players on the interchange bench are not permitted to enter the field of play unless substituting for a player during the game.
A toss-up where 2 opposing players compete for the ball to restart play.
The area around the basket at each end of the court.
Occurs when an opposition team scores a behind, with a defender kicking the ball out from the defensive goalsquare.
As well as a warm up exercise before a game, the term is used to describe a social exercise played in parks, fields, streets, back yards and also as a playground game that requires at least two people.
A minor foul where the ball bounces forward after hitting part of a player's upper body.
A shot taken after a run up to the basket.
Used to restart play once the ball has gone into touch.
A score of zero, not players getting friendly.
An over with no runs, wides or no-balls.
A type of competition where points are awarded for winning each hole.
When a bunch of players, usually forwards, get together for a cuddle and the opposition decide to join them.
In a friendly round, a chance to retake a laughable bad shot.
To nutmeg someone is to kick the ball between their legs to get around them.
A statistic kept in Australian football, and relates to a variety of actions which benefit the team, but are infrequent or defensive.
A series of six consecutive ball bowled by the same bowler.
A number assigned to an individual hole and to the full collection of holes on a course that represents the expected number of strokes it should take to play each hole.
A foul which prevents a receiver catching a pass.
Tactics and play of a team while shorthanded
The traditional method by which an English football team exits a competition.
An additional stroke or strokes added to a player's score for an infraction of the rules.
Used in one-day internationals.
An attack by a full strength team against one with players in the sin bin.
A free kick awarded in Australian rules football against a player who illegally tackles or interferes with a player from behind.
Hitting the ball more than 18 inches above the ground is a foul.
A running play in which the direction of attack is switched from one side to another by handing-off to another runner.
Like fighting but with more shoving and less punching.
Position filled by the ruckman in Australian rules football.
Typically a tall and athletic player who contests at centre bounces and stoppages (such as boundary throw-ins and ball-ups). The ruckman is one of the most important players on the field.
A skill in the sport of Australian rules football when a player, while running, bounces the ball on the ground and back to himself. This is necessary due to the ball having to touch the ground every fifteen metres whilst in play.
Occurs when the ball passes through the goalposts and was last touched by a defending player. It is similar to an own goal in other sports. Can be used as a tactic in gaining a free kick for the defending team.
A tackle on the quarterback
Either a defensive player or a scoring move in which an offensive player is tackled in their own end-zone.
A formation used to restart play after a minor foul.
A kick for goal taken in time on, in which the player can 'set' himself, rather than have to quickly react during the play.
A shot attempted by a player while standing in place, rather than while jumping in the air
The act of legally obstructing or preventing an opposing player from gaining possession of the ball or reaching the contest.
Used to restart play when the ball has gone into touch.
Where players have to sit and look sheepish for ten minutes after being sent off.
A foul awarded when a player pretends to be Highlander.
A hurried shot at goal taken from difficult angles such as the forward pocket and is generally across the body, over the head, over the shoulder or a scissor kick.
Tackling or otherwise contacting another player with the helmet...illegal technique
A major foul where the player tries to impale their opponent on their stick.
A dangerous tackle whereby a player lifts another player into the air and dumps them upside down.
A dangerous tackle in rugby union, rugby league, and Australian rules football whereby a player lifts another player into the air and dumps them upside down.
A spectacular mark (often called a specky, speckie or speccy for short, alternatively known as a screamer or a hanger) is a term for a type of mark in Australian rules football. The typical spectacular mark involves a player jumping up on the back of another player in order to take the mark, or catch.
Hitting your opponent's stick with yours.
A move commonly described as a "tackle" is similar to in rugby and involves wrapping, holding or wrestling a player who has possession of the ball to the ground.
Involves wrapping, holding or wrestling a player who has possession of the ball to the ground.
The portion of each quarter allocated for extra play which could not occur due to time being stopped.
The jump ball that starts a game.
Scoring by possessing the ball in the opponent's end zone.
A foul committed by stepping on the ball.
Stopping a moving ball by pressing on it with your foot.
A foul where a player takes too many steps without dribbling.
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