U.K. Prime Ministers - Dates
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Conservative, was born in a small village in eastern New Brunswick, Canada
Conservative, was educated at Eton, he hoped to go to Sandhurst before joining the Britisg Army but was rejected because of poor eyesight
Conservative, 1st Earl of Balfour
February to December. Conservative, He had led the Young England Party in Parliament
Labour, he presided over the establishment of the welfare state in Great Britain and over the most important step - the granting of independence to India
Came to power as the leader of a Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition. The jury is still out on whether to call it Lib-Con or Con-Dem.
Coalition, it comes as a great surprise to realise that the man who is arguably the greatest politician in Welsh history was actually born in England
Whig, William Cavendish the 4th Duke
Whig, 3rd Duke, Augustus Henry Fitzroy
Whig, Thomas Pelham Holles was one of the most influential ministers in Great Britain during the critical years when France and England fought over North America
April to December. Coalition, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland.
Tory, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland.
Tory, John Stuart was educated at Eton
Whig, known as William Pitt the Elder, Earl of Chatham
February to December. Conservative, Edward Stanley, the 14th Earl
Tory, Robert Banks Jenkinson, The war of 1812 with the United States and the final campaigns of the napoleonic Wars were fought during Liverpool's premiership
Liberal, Archibald Philip-Primrose Rosebery, according to a source Rosebery wished 3 things for himself, a rich wife, to win the Derby and become PM, all wishes were granted
Whig, Willaim Petty FitzMaurice, 2nd Earl of
Whig, Spencer Compton was regarded as a stop-gap PM
Conservative, his term in office featured industrial action and the deployment of troops in Northern Ireland, One notable achiebvement was that he was finally able to lead britain into EC membership, a long-held ambition
April to August. Tory, He exerted great influence in militaty affairs, planning the seizure of the Danish fleet at Copenhagen (1807) and supporting British intervention in Spain and Portugal
Whig, he was only the 2nd prime minister that never acceded to the peerage
Labour, he took office on 27 June 2007, three days after becoming leader of the Labour Party
Conservative, 1st Earl of Stockton, when asked what represented the greatest challenge for a statesman, Macmillan replies, "events, my dear boy, events"
Labour, at first his government only had a four - seat majority in Parliament, but it was reelected with a large majority in 1966
Tory, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
Whig, not particulary well know for much of anything, he maintained the status quo
Labour, In March 1979 his government was brought down by a vote of no confidence passed in the House of Commons, the first such occurrence since 1924
Labour, born in Scotland, he was the 1st secretary of the Independent Labour Party (1900)
Conservative, during his time as PM, the world went through a period of transition after the end of the Cold War
Peelite, George Hamilton-Gordon
Liberal, he was a persistent advocate of extending the franchise and granting political equality to Roman Catholics
Tory, Frederick North was a dominant figure in British politics for three decades
Conservative, Britain's first female PM, she ordered British troops to the falkland Islands in 1982, she took a strong stand against the trade unions during the miner's strike (1984-850, and moved Britain toward privatization
Whig, Charles Watson-Wentworth, his government was responsible for the repeal of the Stamp Act in February, 1766
Conservative, Robert Cecil, he supported the policies that led to the Boer War (1899-1902)
Nationalist, he was educated at Rugby School, managed his father's plantation in The Bahamas, went into the copper-brass business after arriving back in England, was active in local politics and in 1915 was elected Lord Mayor of Birmingham
Conservative, he introduced budgets that led towards Free Trade
Conservative, he is the only PM to renounce his peerage to leave the House of Lords and contest a by-election to enter the House of Commons, he was also the 1st British PM to have been born in the 20th century
Liberal, while he was PM, South Africa, namely the Transvaal (1906) and the orange River Colony (1907) were granted the right of self-rule, self-government
Coalition, first came to public attention as a result of his escape from a prison in Pretoria during the Boer War, where he had been captured whilst working as a war correspondent.
Conservative. Knighted in 1953 half way through his second term as PM.
Tory, his becoming PM coincided with an economic depression and considerable industrial unrest
Conservative, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley
Conservative, she came to power after David Cameron's resignation following the result of the 2016 UK referendum on leaving the EU. She not elected in a General Election, nor was she elected by the Conservative Party as the other candidates in the election for party leadership all stood down.
Labour, on the day he stood down as PM, he was appointed official Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East on behalf of the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Russia, and stepped down as an MP
July to November. Whig, William Lamb, the 2nd Viscount
Liberal, Henry John Temple
Liberal, he attended Christ Church College, Oxford where he gained a double First Degree in Mathematics and Classics
February to July. Liberal
Tory, youngest PM ever, he was 24 years old
Facts contributed by:
Allan R. Matthes