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Sun 14 Sep 08 #1 

A Papal bull is a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a pope. It is named after the bulla that was appended to the end to authenticate it. In terms of content, the bull is simply the format in which a decree of the Pope appears. Any subject may be treated in a bull, and many were and are, including statutory decrees, episcopal appointments, dispensations, excommunications, apostolic constitutions, canonizations and convocations.

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Which pope issued the papal bull x?
y issued which papal bull?

In Nomine Domini -- Pope Nicholas II -- 1059 - Established cardinal-bishops as the sole electors of the Pope.
Libertas ecclesiae -- Pope Gregory VII -- 1079 - The doctrine of clerical celibacy and freedom from sexual pollution.
Antiqua sanctorum patrum -- Pope Gregory VII -- 1079 - Granted the church of Lyon primacy over the churches of Gaul.
Sicut Judaeis -- Pope Callixtus II -- 1120 - Provided protection for the Jews who suffered during the First Crusade.
Ex commisso nobis -- Pope Innocent II -- 1136 - Bull of Gniezno - earliest record of the Polish language.
Omne Datum Optimum -- Pope Innocent II -- 1139 - Endorses the Knights Templar.
Milites Templi -- Pope Celestine II -- 1144 - Provides clergy protetion to the Knights Templar.
Militia Dei -- Pope Eugene III -- 1145 - Allowed the Knights Templar to take tithes and burial fees.
Quantum praedecessores -- Pope Eugene III -- 1145 - Called for the Second Crusade.
Laudabiliter -- Pope Adrian IV -- 1155 - Gives the English King Henry II lordship over Ireland.
Ad Abolendam -- Pope Lucuis III -- 1184 - Condemns heresy and lists some punishments (though stops short of death).
Post Miserabile -- Pope Innocent III -- 1185 - Called for another Crusade.
Audita tremendi -- Pope Gregory VIII -- 1187 - Called for the Third Crusade.
Cum universi -- Pope Celestine III -- 1192 - Gave control over the Scottish Church.
Golden Bull of Rimini -- Pope Innocent III -- 1199 - Assigns the uniform of a white tunic with a black cross to the Teutonic Knights.
Etsi non displaceat -- Pope Innocent III -- 1205 - Charges the Jews with arrogance, possession of Christian slaves, usury and blasphemy.
Quia maior -- Pope Innocent III -- 1213 - Calls for the Fifth Crusade.
Religiosam vitam -- Pope Honorius III -- 1216 - Established the Dominician Order.
In generali concilio -- Pope Honorius III -- 1218 - Established an inventory list of all goods in value of terms for all Templar Knights.
Super speculam -- Pope Honorius III -- 1219 - Forbade the study of civil law and closed the schools of law in Paris.
Solet annuere -- Pope Honorius III -- 1223 - Oulines the life style for the Friars Minor .
Parens scientarum -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1231 - Guarantees the independence of the University of Paris.
Ille humani generis -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1231 - Approved investigations by inquistors to deal with heresy.
Etsi Judaeorum -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1233 - Jews are to be treated with the same humanity as other Christians.
Licet ad capiendos -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1233 - Marks the start of the Inquisition by the Church.
Cum hora undecima -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1235 - First bull authorizing pagan friars to preach to pagan nations.
Si vera sunt -- Pope Gregory IX -- 1239 - Authorizes torture of heretics during inquisition inquiries.
Dei patris immensa -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1245 - Exposition of the Christian faith and urged Mongols to accept baptism.
Cum non solum -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1245 - Appeal to the Mongols to desist from attacking Christians.
Cum simus super -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1245 - Urged ecclesiastical unity.
Lachrymabilem Judaeorum -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1247 - Calls for an end to persecution and murders resulting from ritual homicide.
Viam agnoscere veritatis -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1248 - Addressed to the King of the Mongols, in response to building an embassy.
Ad exstirpanda -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1252 - Authorizes the use of torture for eliciting confessions and executing relapsed heretics by burning them alive.
Querentes in agro -- Pope Innocent IV -- 1254 - Recognizes the patronage of the Holy See on the University of Oxford.
Exultavit cor nostrum -- Pope Urban IV -- 1263 - Cautiously welcomes the envoy of John the Hungarian.
Turbato corde -- Pope Clement IV -- 1267 - Defends the Jews when the Black Death appeared at Avignon.
Clericis Laicos -- Pope Boniface VIII -- 1296 - Prohibits any temporary power to seize the property of the clergy.
Scimus, Fili -- Pope Boniface VIII -- 1299 - Declared King Edward I claim to King of Scotland illegal.
De Sepulturis -- Pope Boniface VIII -- 1299 - Prohibits the dismembering and boiling of the dead to take all the bones to be buried somewhere else.
Sicuti judaeis non debet -- Pope Urban V -- 1365 - Stated that it was forbidden to molest Jews or force them into baptism.
Unam Sanctam -- Pope Boniface VIII -- 1302 - Affirms the superiority of spiritual power over political power.
Pastoralis praeminentiæ -- Pope Clement V -- 1307 - Orders the arrest of the Knights Templar and the confiscation of their possessions.
Rex regnum -- Pope Clement V -- 1307 - Nominates seven Franciscans to act as papal suffragens in China.
Fasciens misericordiam -- Pope Clement V -- 1308 - Sets out the procedure to prosecute the Knights Templar.
Regnans in coelis -- Pope Clement V -- 1308 - Convenes the Council of Vienne to discuss the Knights Templar.
Alma mater -- Pope Clement V -- 1310 - Postpones the Opening of the Council of Vienne until the investigation of the Templars is finished.
Vox in excelso -- Pope Clement V -- 1312 - Disbands the Knights Templar.
Ad providam -- Pope Clement V -- 1312 - Grants the bulk of Templar property on to the Knights Hospitallers.
Redemptor noster -- Pope John XXII -- 1323 - Withdrew the Mongol Ilkhan's dominions and transferred them to a Bominican province.
Cum inter nonnullos -- Pope John XXII -- 1323 - Definition on the Poverty of Christ and the Apostles.
Sicut Dudum -- Pope Eugene IV -- 1435 - Forbids the slavery of black natives in the Canary Islands by Spanish slave traders.
Dudum ad nostram -- Pope Eugene IV -- 1442 - Forbidden Jews to live with Christians or fill public functions. Established ghettos.
Dum diversas -- Pope Nicholas V -- 1452 - Authorizes Afonso V of Portugal to reduce any Muslims, pagans and other unbelievers to perpetual slavery.
Romanus Pontifex -- Pope Nicholas V -- 1455 - Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives .
Si ad reprimendos -- Pope Calixtus III -- 1456 - Banned social intercourse of Christians with Jews.
Cum hiis superioribus annis -- Pope Calixtus III -- 1456 - Announces the fall of Constantinople.
Aeterni regis -- Pope Sixtus IV -- 1481 - Santioned the Spanish Inquisition.
Summis desiderantes -- Pope Innocent VIII -- 1484 - Condemns an alleged outbreak of withcraft and heresy in the region of the Rhine River Valley.
Inter caetera -- Pope Alexander VI -- 1493 - Divides the New World between Spain and Portugal.
Piis Fidelium -- Pope Alexander VI -- 1493 - Grants Spain vicarial power to appoint missionaries to the Indies.
Apostolici Regiminis -- Pope Leo X -- 1513 - States that the soul is really, of itself, and essentially, the form of the body.
Supernæ -- Pope Leo X -- 1514 - Declares that the cardinals in a body should come immediately after the pope and precede all others in the church.
Exsurge Domine -- Pope Leo X -- 1520 - Demands that Martin Luther retract 41 of his 95 theses.
Decet Romanum Pontificem -- Pope Leo X -- 1521 - Ex-communicates Martin Luther.
Sublimus Dei -- Pope Paul III -- 1537 - Forbids the enslavement of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Regimini militantis ecclesiae -- Pope Paul III -- 1540 - Approves the formation of the Society of Jesus.
Cum nimis absurdum -- Pope Paul IV -- 1555 - Places religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States.
Cum ex apostolatus officio -- Pope Paul IV -- 1559 - Confirms that only Catholics can be elected Popes.
Benedictus Deus -- Pope Pius IV -- 1564 - Ratified all decrees and definitions of the Council of Trent.
Cum nos nuper -- Pope Pius IV -- 1567 - Declared that Jews are forbidden to own real estate - to sell or it be confiscated by the Holy See.
Regnans in Excelsis -- Pope Pius V -- 1570 - Declares Elizabeth I of England a heretic and releases her subjects from any allegiance to her.
Inter gravissimas -- Pope Gregory XIII -- 1582 - Establishes the Gregorian calendar.
Coeli et terrae -- Pope Sixtus V -- 1586 - Condemned "judicial astrology" as superstitious.
Immensa Aeterni Dei -- Pope Sixtus V -- 1588 - Provides instruction in condeming or correcting literature which were against Catholic doctrine.
Cum occasione -- Pope Innocent X -- 1653 - Condemns 5 Jansenist propositions.
Ad Sacram -- Pope Alexander VII -- 1665 - Establishes a Council to control the conciliar agenda.
Unigenitus -- Pope Clement XI -- 1713 - Codemns Jansenism (free will and efficacious grace).
In eminenti apostolatus specula -- Pope Clement XII -- 1738 - Bans Catholics from becoming Freemasons.
Sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum -- Pope Pius VII -- 1814 - Reestablishes the Society of Jesus
Quod divina sapientia -- Pope Leo XII -- 1824 - Restructures education in the Papal States under ecclesiastical supervision.
Universalis Ecclesiae -- Pope Pius IX -- 1850 - Recreates the Roman Catholic hierarchy in England.
Aeterni Patris -- Pope Pius IX -- 1868 - Summons First Vatican Council.
Apostolicæ Sedis Moderationi -- Pope Pius IX -- 1871 - Defines papal infallibility.
Apostolicae Curae -- Pope Leo XIII -- 1896 - Declares all Anglican Holy Orders null and void.
Quam singulari -- Pope Pius X -- 1910 - Allows the admittance of Communion to children who have reached the age of reason (about seven years old).
Munificentissimus Deus -- Pope Pius XII -- 1950 - Defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
Humanae salutis -- Pope John XXIII -- 1961 - Summons the Second Vatican Council.
Dei Verbum -- Pope Paul VI -- 1965 - There exists a close connection and communication between sacred Tradition and sacred Scripture.
Incarnationis mysterium -- Pope John Paul II -- 1998 - The Great Jubilee of 2000 - a celebration of the mercy of God and forgiveness of sins.


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Sun 14 Sep 08 #2 

All in thanks Java.I am not sure whether this would be better with the bull name first or the pope's name. Have left it the way you have it at the moment, perhaps someone else may have an opinion.

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Sun 14 Sep 08 #3 

Thanks JMK. I'll send out a challenge and we'll see what happens.

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Sun 14 Sep 08 #4 

This is the sort of thing that makes a good topic as far as I am concerned, Good work, java. This format makes it possible to actually learn the subject!

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Mon 15 Sep 08 #5 

Thanks Wabzy. Make sure you read the extra info - it explains a lot on why certain things are the way they are.

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Mon 15 Sep 08 #6 

Yes, java, I am and I am loving it! You did a fabulous job on this! It will take a good geal of time to learn this since I am not Catholic and will be starting from nowhere!

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